The Language and Features of Planned Speech

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The Language and Features of Planned Speech
Planned speech differs from spontaneous speech ­ thought out
- considered
- maybe scripted before it's said
Examples can range from broadly planned but unscripted delivery of a teacher to formulaic rhetoric
of political speeches.
Look at this Tony Blair speech:
"Today at the frontier of the new Millennium I set out for you how, as a nation, we renew British strength
and confidence for the 21st century and how, as a Party reborn, we make it a century of progressive
politics after one dominated by Conservatives.
A New Britain where the extraordinary talent of the British people is liberated from the forces of
conservatism that so long have held them back, to create a model 21st century nation, based not on
privilege, class or background, but on the equal worth of all.
And New Labour, confident at having modernised itself, now the new progressive force in British politics
which can modernise the nation, sweep away those forces of conservatism to set the people free.
100 years in existence, 22 in power, we have never, ever won a full second term. That is our unfinished
business. Let us now finish it and with it finish the Tory Party's chances of doing as much damage in the
next century as they've done in this one.
Today's Tory party the party of fox hunting, Pinochet and hereditary peers: the uneatable, the
unspeakable and the unelectable.
There's only one thing you need to know about today's Tory Party.
Clarke and Heseltine: outcasts.
Hague, Widdecombe, Redwood and Portillo in charge.
The only Party that spent two years in hibernation in search of a new image and came back as the
Addams family.
Under John Major, it was weak, weak, weak.
Under William Hague, it's weird, weird, weird.
Far right, far out"
Speech making with the express purpose of altering and affecting the listener's emotions by
conveying the individual viewpoint of the speaker &/or the speaker's logic/reasoning. Usually has a
purpose of persuading the audience to adopt (or consider) the speaker's point of view.

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Phonological features
Alliteration & Assonance
Alliteration - repeated use of the same consonant sounds e.g. The Slimy Snake Slithers
Assonance ­ repeated use of the same vowel sounds e.g. Do you like blue?",
the /u/ ("o"/"ou"/"ue" sound).
Both have the effect of making the words & phrases stand out & consequently help us to
remember them later.…read more

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Emotive Language
Rhetorical speech-making uses emotive language to appeal to the audience.
Giving Opinion
Blair offers his opinion on the Tory Party by concentrating on 3 emotive issues that the Conservatives
have championed: fox hunting, the opposition to the extradition of General Pinochet, and the
resenting of hereditary peerage.…read more

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Giving Personal Guarantees & Surety
Later in this same speech, Blair offers his personal, political guarantee that he will put a stop to child
poverty: "So when I pledge to end child poverty in 20 years, I do so not just as a politician, but as a
He endorses his political assurance by backing it up with his role as a father: this effectively doubles
the force of his words and compels the listener to take note.…read more

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At the start of the speech, Blair talks of being "... at the frontier of the new Millennium". This
metaphorical use of the noun "frontier" carries with it all kinds of connotations:
Discovery of uncharted territory
New beginnings
A boundary between one ear and another.
The noun "Millennium" has the following connotations:
A new country (denoted by the capital letter)
A place that holds promise and hope
A boundary that has to be crossed physically.…read more

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Structural Techniques
Various types of patterning are often used during planned speech: in the speech of Blair, we can see
a very common use, patterns of three. There is a certain cohesion to ideas packaged in threes, and
the rhythm and completeness of the ordering can be clearly seen.
"Today's Tory Party ­ (1)the party of fox hunting, (2) Pinochet (3) and hereditary peers:
(1)the uneatable, (2) the unspeakable (3) and the unelectable.…read more


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