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The Language and Features of Planned Speech
Planned speech differs from spontaneous speech ­ thought out
- considered
- maybe scripted before it's said

Examples can range from broadly planned but unscripted delivery of a teacher to formulaic rhetoric
of political speeches.

Look at this Tony Blair speech:

"Today at…

Page 2

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Phonological features
Alliteration & Assonance
Alliteration - repeated use of the same consonant sounds e.g. The Slimy Snake Slithers
Assonance ­ repeated use of the same vowel sounds e.g. Do you like blue?",
the /u/ ("o"/"ou"/"ue" sound).
Both have the effect of making the words & phrases stand out &…

Page 3

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Emotive Language
Rhetorical speech-making uses emotive language to appeal to the audience.

Giving Opinion
Blair offers his opinion on the Tory Party by concentrating on 3 emotive issues that the Conservatives
have championed: fox hunting, the opposition to the extradition of General Pinochet, and the
resenting of hereditary peerage.
By…

Page 4

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Giving Personal Guarantees & Surety
Later in this same speech, Blair offers his personal, political guarantee that he will put a stop to child
poverty: "So when I pledge to end child poverty in 20 years, I do so not just as a politician, but as a
father."
He endorses…

Page 5

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At the start of the speech, Blair talks of being "... at the frontier of the new Millennium". This
metaphorical use of the noun "frontier" carries with it all kinds of connotations:

Discovery of uncharted territory
New beginnings
A boundary between one ear and another.

The noun "Millennium" has the…

Page 6

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Structural Techniques
Patterning
Various types of patterning are often used during planned speech: in the speech of Blair, we can see
a very common use, patterns of three. There is a certain cohesion to ideas packaged in threes, and
the rhythm and completeness of the ordering can be clearly seen.…

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