The Korean War

Factsheet about the Korean War

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The Korean War began in June 1950 and ended in July 1953.
The Korean War was a result of the ongoing Cold War between the
USA and the USSR. The USA attacked Korea to continue their war
against communism without having to attack the USSR and face a
nuclear war.
The USSR went to war to try and `win' Korea as a communist country.
There were several reasons why the USA went to war in Korea. They
were afraid that Korea, a Japanese colony, would, like China fall
victim to Communism and that Japan would soon follow. This would
play havoc with their trading and would add another two countries to
the list of Communist ones.
North Korea named themselves the `North Korean People's Army'
and South Korea became the `Republic of Korea'.
Soon wore broke out as Syngman Rhee (ruler of capitalist South
Korea) said that he would attack the communist North Korea. North
Korea promptly attacked South Korea.
The United Nations Charter was invoked to brand the North Koreans
as aggressive by the USA.
KimIlSung was the ruler of North Korea and Syngman Rhee was
the ruler of North Korea. The USSR backed North Korea in the war
and the USA backed South Korea.
The North Koreans continued their campaign through South Korea,
aiming for the port Pusan in the South.
The USA was losing badly although they held the Pusan bridgehead
until reinforcements arrived: Two British Battalions and an Australian

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Two American divisions were landed at the rear of the North Koreans
who fled back North.
The Chinese were afraid that the war on Communism would extend
to their territory so in 1951 they launched troops into North Korea to
join the communist forces.
Capitalist troops were drawn back out of North Korea although over
the next few year or so they established a blockade around North
Korea by winning over the seas and the skies.…read more


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