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Karma- the law of cause and effect, literally How to Build Up Good Karma: The Upanishads teaches that very good
means `actions' Hindus believe in the Caste System, this action/thought will reap a good result and
Reincarnation- rebirth, being born again in means that society is structured into classes, vice versa.
another form which are further divided up into Jati. `According to one acts, according as one
Hindus believe that everyone has a special conducts himself, so does he become. The
The atman is immortal, and is continually duty, called Dharma, which depends on a doer of good becomes good and the doer of
reborn. person's Caste and stage in life. evil becomes evil. One becomes virtuous by
The goal for the soul is to b free from this To build up good karma a Hindu must fitful virtuous action, bad by bad action.'
Samsara. his Dharma according to his Varna.
The way to achieve this is to take the atman Student Stage- study the Vedas The balance of a person's karma at death
into a better kind of life every time it is Householder Stage- marry, rear children, determines the life they will be reborn into.
reborn. pursuit wealth, moral enjoyment of a good
This is based on a person's karma, good life `It is better to performs one's own dharma
karma in the present life leads to a better life Retirement Stage- gives up all worldly imperfectly than to master the duties of
in the next life, while bad karma leads to a concerns another.' Krishna telling Arjuna
worse life in the next life. Sannyasin Stage- a homeless wanderer
The atman may be reborn many times before dedicated to study
it can gain Moksha. A person's karma can be purified in three
Hindus believe that every thought and action ways:-
has a consequence. - Bhakti yoga- the path of loving devotion
The accumulated karma fro previous life and performance of rituals
times are known as Samchita karma and - Jnana yoga- the path of knowledge of the
helps Hindu's to understand why suffering self or atman
exists, which is due to Paapa, sinful actions. - Karma yoga- the path of selfless action,
Agami karma are the actions performed in the good deeds performed without any thought of
present life that will affect the future, in this personal gain.
way good karma can help reduce suffering.
The ultimate goal is Moksha, which frees Karma Yoga:
them from the unavoidable suffering of the Krishna said `you should never engage in
material world. action for the sake of rewards.'
Good Karma usually leads to the person Through selfless actions past sins and bad
being born in a higher Caste, and of the karma are dissolved.
person tries hard to obey their Dharma then Selflessly serving others will lead to
the soul will go up in the Caste System. Brahman, therefore Krishna told Arjuna that
Once Moksha is achieved the atman does not he must fight, he must act out and fulfil his
return to the material world. dharma.
There are three main ways t help Hindus gain
Moksha, Bhakti yoga, karma yoga and Jnana Teachings about Karma: