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The Judiciary.

Types of judges.

Inferior Judges; these are all judges below those that serve in the High Court.

Circuit judges; sit in Crown Court & County Court.
Recorders; are part time judges, & sometimes sit in Crown & County Court.
District judges; deal with small claims in County Court.…

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High Court Judges.

Either have had the right to practise in the High Court for at least 2 years or have been a
Circuit Judge for at least 2 years.
Prior to 19 90, only those who had practised as a barrister for 10 years were eligible.
Solicitors now have…

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When a vacancy came up the Lord Chancellor would consider the files.
The system of selection was seen as secretive & bias.
From 1998, vacancies were advertised & any qualified person could apply.
Lord Chancellor's major role was very controversial.
Method was changed by the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 &…

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The old system; the Lord Chancellor draws up a short list in order of preference. The Prime
Minister selects from the list & nominates them to be appointed by the Queen. Nearly always
the first choice candidate is appointed. Margret Thatcher on at least once occasion vetoed
the first choice…

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Judges decide award or court order.

Judges in any Appeal Case.

In appeal cases judges don't usually have to concern themselves with issue of fact.
They interpret the law & decide whether the trial judge got the law right & applied it
correctly to the facts.
They may also have…

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There are 72 judges in the Queen's Bench Division, 17 judges in the Chancery Division & 18 in
the Family Court.
There are deputy High Court judges to help with the workload.
Mainly to try cases, hear evidence, decide on what the law is & make decision.
High court judges…

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Average age judge lower (especially in lower ranks) & the judges receive far more training in
specific judge skills.
However continental system is seen as being closely linked to the Government (as they are
civil servants). In the UK judges are considered independent as they are separate from
Parliament.

Tenure.…

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Women in the Judiciary.

Small number.
Improved since 19 90.
First women judge Queen's Bench Division appointed in 19 92, first woman in the Chancery
Division in 19 93.
Were called `Lords', until the Courts Act 2003, now called `Lady's'.
Second woman appointed in 19 99 & third in 2000.…

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Has an executive role of; being the Minister of Justice ­ a government department, is
appointed by the Prime Minister & always is a member of the political party in power at a
time.
Has a legislative role of; sitting in the legislative MP in the House of Commons (doesn't…

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relating to the judiciary or the administration of justice must uphold the continued
independence of the judiciary.
Lord Chancellor & other Ministers must not seek to influence particular judicial decisions.

Ministry of Justice.

Created in 2007, to bring together the key elements of the justice system under one
ministry.
Previously…

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