The impact of WWI on Russia

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What impact did WWI (July 1914 ­ November 1918) have on Russia?
Conditions before WWI.
Good Bad
Form of constitutional leadership seemed to The Duma's power was limited.
be emerging.
Stolypin's reforms appeared to be effective Stolypin's reforms didn't benefit all the
with Kulaks becoming more successful. peasantry.
The economy was less dependent on foreign Poor working condition still existed.
investment.
Industry was expanding, closer competition 60% illiteracy rate, with many children
with Western industries. receiving only basic education.
The numbers of people in professional Autocracy continued to fail identifying Russia
occupations increased. as archaic.
The Bolsheviks began to seize more power with the largest trade unions in St Petersburg and
Moscow under their control.They continued producing their newspaper, Pravda, and sold an
estimated 40,000 copies/day.
Rasputin
Gregory Efimovich Rasputin (1872-1916).
Self-ordained holy man, notorious for his sexual depravity.
His behavior meant he was hated at the imperial court and by outraged husbands.
1907: He had a personal introduction to the Tsar and his wife.
Since Nicholas was at military quarters for long periods of time, Rasputin and the Tsarina
became the Russian government.
He reorganised the army's medical supply system, and showed common sense and
administrative skill.
The Tsar's son Alexsei suffered from hemophilia and Rasputin claimed he could cure him; he
helped relieve symptoms (amateur psychologist).
The Tsarina believed he was God sent and wouldn't acknowledge his faults even when a
rumour was spread that they were having an affair.
This reduced the Tsar's power by decreasing his base of support; many felt Rasputin was
making the decisions.
Failed assassination attempt by the Tsar's nephew (poisoned cake).
Aristocratic conspirators shoots Rasputin before binding and throwing him into a river.
Economic and political successes at the outbreak of WWI.
Political Economic
Tsar's position enhanced by commitment Massive expansion of war production.
to the war.

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Bolshevik influence reduced as parties Peasants benefited from inflation.
began to contribute to national war effort.
Initially less opposition.
Largest army. Grain yield increased every year until 1916.
1916 Russian offensive killed / wounded
500,000 Austrian troops, bringing
Austria-Hungary to the point of collapse.
Opposition
Initially all rallied to the government excluding the Bolsheviks, however antiwar propaganda
made an impact as morale fell.
To many it began to seem that political ideology was becoming more important that the
effective prosecution of the war.…read more

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Deaths weakened Government revenue from 25% of the harvest
morale of the military. tariffs, railways and vodka brought to market in
Training of troops and fell. 1914, this fell to 15% in
officers deteriorated. 1917.
80% of foreign trade Refugee problems
prevented. from evacuation.
Bread queues and
strikes in Petrograd (St
Petersburg) creating
unrest in towns.…read more

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