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The Great Plains
Landscape
In 1840 this was a region of gently rolling grasslands and slow flowing rivers. In the North were the
Black Hills, wooded hills surrounded by the `Badlands' where soft rock was eroded into fantastic
shapes.
Vegetation
The grass was short. < In the west.
In the…

Page 2

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Ears and flaps scalps hanging trophies on lodge poles
Poles to support the tipi wooden pegs holding skins
together
Paintings buffalo skins
Doorway facing east towards the rising sun



Hunting the Buffalo
Hunted in 2 ways before they moved to the plains.
One way
Creep up and then shoot with…

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Skulls -used in religious ceremonies
Tongue- as a hairbrush and eaten as a delicacy
Hooves -used to make glue and to make rattles and tools
Bones ­ used for arrowheads, knives, needles


How Indian life was organised?
Sioux nation lead by any individual , Sitting Duk at the time ahs…

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Boys were taught to hunt and use arrows, girls would maintain the home
They had to learn how to survive on The Plains
Children weren't punished, except in extreme cases < a bowl of water

Old people

They played an important part of the band
They gave advice to the…

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This would be interpreted by the medicine man and their adult name would be given based
on the vision.
Women could easily make contact with the spirit world> puberty
These visions would help the Sioux throughout their lives
e.g. Before the battle of the little bighorn sitting bull dreamed he…

Page 6

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Good / bad. Good as it brought trade to the Indians
New ways to cross the mountains
Harmful- rendezvous when mountain men gave Indians firearms and alcohol
It made the Indians less sufficient and to rely on outsiders
This was the beginning of the destruction of the Indians way of…

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