The Globalisation of Industry - Key Terms - AQA GCSE Geography B, Unit 3

I thought I'd share these printable key terms, which can be cut out and used as (smaller than normal) revision cards, with other people like me doing the GCSE AQA Geography B, Unit 3 exam. I hope they're helpful for many people, because (to me anyway) key terms are hard to remember, even after going over them day after day, but perhaps the pictures I've added to the background make it easier to remember them. Maybe take a leaf out of my book too and stick them around your bedroom. Good luck for your exam!!

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Preview of The Globalisation of Industry - Key Terms - AQA GCSE Geography B, Unit 3

First 136 words of the document:

Globalisation: the increasing Interdependence: people,
Markets: the people and
international interaction in countries and businesses
businesses they may want
trade, politics, society and depending on one
to trade with each other.
culture. another.
Raw materials: materials
Trade: buying, selling and
used to make another Industrial estate: an area of
exchanging goods and
product, e.g. iron ore is a land designated for
services between
raw material in making a industrial buildings.
Transnational corporations
Research and development: Brand: a symbol or name
(TNCs): companies with
activities to improve old that distinguishes a
branches and operations
products and design/ company from its
in several different
invent new ones. competitors.

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Corporate responsibility: Market economies: where
how a company manages Long-haul: travelling a long supply and demand
its impact on society and distance. determines the allocation
the environment. of resources.
Manufactured goods:
Incentives: something that Primary products: food,
products made in large
encourages a company to agriculture raw materials
numbers, usually in a
do something. and timber.
factory.…read more

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Development indicators:
Economic activity: all the
health, wealth and social
businesses and activities Demography: the study of
statistics that show the
that create wealth for a population.
level of development of a
Human Development Index
Development gap: the
(HDI): a way of measuring Export revenues: money a
difference between the
development using country gains by selling
economic development of
information about income, products to other
the world's richest and
education and life countries.
expectancy. poorest countries.…read more

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Biotechnology: using living Call centre: business Greenfield site: former
things such as cells and information centre where countryside, often on the
bacteria in industrial customers can get advice edge of town, now being
processes. on the phone. developed.
Science parks: industrial
Newly industrialised
estates set up near a
countries (NICs): countries Redundant: losing a job
university or research
that are going through a because of industrial
centre to attract and
rapid process of decline.
develop high-tech
industries.…read more

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Sustainable: meeting the
Consumer goods: products needs of the present
Exploitative: using someone
such as televisions, population without
or something unfairly for
dishwashers, etc. that destroying the
your own advantage.
people want to buy. environment for future
Greenhouse gas emissions:
Investment: money spent on
gases, both natural and
Biodegradable: able to decay buildings and equipment
from industrial pollutants,
naturally and harmlessly. to make business more
that add to the risk of
global warming.…read more

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Turbine: a type of machine
that uses the flow of water
or air to produce
electricity.…read more


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