The Globalisation of Industry - Key Terms - AQA GCSE Geography B, Unit 3

I thought I'd share these printable key terms, which can be cut out and used as (smaller than normal) revision cards, with other people like me doing the GCSE AQA Geography B, Unit 3 exam. I hope they're helpful for many people, because (to me anyway) key terms are hard to remember, even after going over them day after day, but perhaps the pictures I've added to the background make it easier to remember them. Maybe take a leaf out of my book too and stick them around your bedroom. Good luck for your exam!!

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Globalisation: the increasing Interdependence: people,
Markets: the people and
international interaction in countries and businesses
businesses they may want
trade, politics, society and depending on one
to trade with each other.
culture. another.

Raw materials: materials
Trade: buying, selling and
used to make another Industrial estate: an area of

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Corporate responsibility: Market economies: where
how a company manages Long-haul: travelling a long supply and demand
its impact on society and distance. determines the allocation
the environment. of resources.

Manufactured goods:
Incentives: something that Primary products: food,
products made in large
encourages a company to agriculture raw materials
numbers, usually…

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Development indicators:
Economic activity: all the
health, wealth and social
businesses and activities Demography: the study of
statistics that show the
that create wealth for a population.
level of development of a

Human Development Index
Development gap: the
(HDI): a way of measuring Export revenues: money a

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Biotechnology: using living Call centre: business Greenfield site: former
things such as cells and information centre where countryside, often on the
bacteria in industrial customers can get advice edge of town, now being
processes. on the phone. developed.

Science parks: industrial
Newly industrialised
estates set up near a
countries (NICs):…

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Sustainable: meeting the
Consumer goods: products needs of the present
Exploitative: using someone
such as televisions, population without
or something unfairly for
dishwashers, etc. that destroying the
your own advantage.
people want to buy. environment for future

Greenhouse gas emissions:
Investment: money spent on
gases, both natural and

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Turbine: a type of machine
that uses the flow of water
or air to produce


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