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Go to:
The formation of an ox-bow lake Go there
Test yourself Go there
Past paper questions Go there
End…read more

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Name: Oxbow
Definition: A lake caused by a
meander being cut off from the
main flow of the river
Found: Mainly in Middle/Lower
Course of the river…read more

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The Formation of an Ox-bow lake
Erosion on the outside
forms river cliff
Deposition on the inside
forms slip-off slope
Step 1: Meander is eroded on the outside bend
forming a river cliff. Sediment is deposited on the
inside bend to form a slip-off slope.…read more

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The Formation of an Ox-bow lake
Erosion and deposition
cause meander to bend
more steeply
Erosion causes neck to get
narrower
Step 2: These processes continue, causing
meander to bend more and the neck to
become narrower…read more

Slide 6

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The Formation of an Ox-bow lake
Some water flows
through meander
Most of water flows across meander
Step 3: Eventually the meander neck is eroded
through and the river can flow straight across
it. Some still flows through the old meander
but most takes the easiest route…read more

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