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First 5 year plans
October 1928 ­ December 1932
Reasons:
Ideological ­ Russia `100 years behind'. Thought
revolution would serve working class.
Political ­ wanted better reputation than Lenin.
Needed to defend self in war.
Economic ­ response to NEP's failure to industrialise.
Very behind Germany.

Nature:
Targets by Gosplan…

Page 2

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Successes
Ended a year early
Increased economy by 14% each year
Urban population grew 3x larger
Far more successful than NEP
Education more accessible, especially universities
Working class promotions

Failures
Did not meet targets, but fraud meant Stalin could
claim that he had
Managers feared execution so made up figures…

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