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The environmental impact of tourism
In developing countries, land is being taken away from locals and wildlife
for the use of golf courses, these also use a lot of water up, which could
have provided for 5000 people.
In Belize and Costa Rica, coral reefs have been blasted to allow for
unhindered water sports.
Coral reefs are at threat such as the Great Barrier Reef in Australia which
receives 2 million visitors per year. Visitors pick parts of the coral off the
reef for souvenirs which is damaging the existence of the coral reefs, as is
Tourism can provide opportunities for creating national parks, like Arches
National Park in Utah, which helps to encourage preservation and
conservation of natural habitats.
Case study: Dubai the environmental impacts of tourism
Dubai in the United Arab Emirates is a popular tourist destination due to its high
status population and various man made islands such as the Palm Jumeirah Island
and the islands of the world as well as many 5 star hotels and villas. However all
this tourism can have some environmental impacts:
To create the artificial islands of Palm Jumeirah and the islands of the
world, large amounts of sediment have been brought up from the seabed by
dredgers. This dredging has reduced the sediment budget along the
coastline and has increased the amounts of silt on the coral reefs by 2
inches, leading to many of the coral reefs beginning to die off.
Due to the creation of these islands the currents on the coastline have
changed, increasing the erosion of beaches on the natural coast and also led
to areas of stagnant water.
Water is also used to keep villa gardens and golf courses green and for the
use of large water parks.
Dredging has also destroyed many wildlife habitats putting Dubai's last
turtle breeding site at risk and reducing fish stocks.
However, some people claim that the islands are attracting wildlife and
creating new ecosystems and that before 96% of the sea bed was just mud
or sand before the islands were built.
Engineers have also improved the problem of stagnant water by creating
two large gaps in the crescent to allow fresh water into the lagoons.