Slides in this set
In 1919 Anton Drexler Gottfried Feder and Dietrich Eckart
formed the German Workers Party (GPW) in Munich. Anton
Drexler was the main leader.
German Army was worried that it was a left-wing
revolutionary group and sent Adolf Hitler, one of its
education officers to spy on the organization. It was hear
That Hitler discovered that he shared the same political
views of the party.
The Nazis appealed to a wide range of people, but
especially the 'middling' for e.g. It appealed to skilled
workers i.e. Plumbers, It was these kind of people who
were dominate in the group ...…read more
A table to show the % of different members of The Nazi Party
Nazi Membership in the 1920s
by social group
Skilled workers (e.g. plumbers) 33 27
Businessmen (e.g. factory owners) 19 7
Lower employees (e.g. shop assistants) 18 18
Unskilled workers (e.g. farm laborers) 12 37
Farmers 11 8
Students 4 0.5
Professionals (e.g. doctors, lawyers) 3 2.5
Aristocrats (lords) 0 0
At first, there were a number of people involved in running the party,
but Hitler soon became the sole boss when he joined the party in
1919, and he built up the organization so that he was unquestioned
His speeches gave people scapegoats to blame for Germany's
· The Allies.
· The Treaty of Versailles and the `November Criminals' (the
politicians who signed it :The Weimar Republic).
· The Communists, and:
· The Jews.…read more
In 1920, the party renamed itself the National Socialist
German Workers' Party (Nazis), and announced its Twenty-
Five Point Programme.
At first, the Nazis were both nationalist (they believed in
Germany's greatness) and socialist (they believed the state
should benefit everybody equally).
The 25 point programme outlined early the extreme views
that the Nazi part held for e.g. Anti Semitism.
Hitler then went a confirmed all these believes when he
wrote his book Mein Kempf were he wrote about the
triumph of the Aryan race by armed force, because all
races, especially the Jews, were inferior to the Aryan (pure
German) `Master Race'.…read more
The 25 Point Program
1. The unity of all German-speaking peoples.
2. The abolition of the Treaty of Versailles.
3. Land and colonies to feed Germany's population.
4. Only Germans can be citizens. No Jew can be a German citizen.
5. People in Germany who are not citizens must obey special laws for foreigners.
6. Only German citizens can vote, be employed or hold public office.
7. Citizens are entitled to a job and a decent standard of living. If this cannot be achieved,
foreigners (with no rights as citizens) should be expelled.
8. No further immigration of non-German must be allowed. All foreigners who have come
to Germany since 1914 must be expelled.
9. All citizens have equal rights and duties.
0. The first duty of a citizen is to work.
1. All payments to unemployed people should end.
2. All profits made by profiteers during the war must be shared.
3. Nationalisation of public industries*.
4. Large companies must share their profits.
5. Pensions must be improved.
· Help for small shops and businesses; large department stores** must be closed down.
1. Property reform to give small farmers their land.
2. An all-out battle against criminals, profiteers, etc., who must be punished by death.
3. Reform of the law to make it more German.
4. Improve education so that all Germans can get a job.
5. Improve people's health by making a law for people to do sport.
6. Abolition of the Army, and a new People's Army in its place.
7. German newspapers must be free of foreign influence.
8. Freedom of religion.
9. Strong central government with unrestricted authority.
The Nazi Party Programme (24 February 1924)
* such as electricity and water. ** most department stores were owned by Jews.…read more