the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

A table showing the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

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Prokaryotes eukaryotes
bacteria and plants, animals, fungi
Organisms
cyanobacteria and protoctists
small, from 1-10 larger usually between
Size
micrometers 10-100 micrometers
linear DNA in
usually circular DNA
chromosomes
nucleus found naked in
surrounded by double
cytoplasm
nuclear membrane
Present in plants and
rigid containing the
cell walls some protoctists but
polysaccharide murein
don't contain murein.
many membrane bound
very few organelles only organelles e.g.
organelles some small (70s) mitochondria,
ribosomes chloroplasts and (80s)
ribosomes
if present lack flagella contain
flagella
microtubules microtubules

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