The Cosmological Argument

A basic essay plan

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  • Created on: 03-04-13 12:27
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Cosmological Argument- Basic essay plan layout
One of the oldest arguments for the existence of God
Based on experience that everything has a cause- a poseriori
Its premises are drawn from experience, not from analytical truths, and reach an
inductive conclusion, that is, one which may possibly be correct, but is not logically
It moves on the assumption that the universe must have a first cause ­ a priori
Originates from the thinking of Aristotle and Plato
The concept of a primary mover had already been identified by the ancients, who had
observed that where there is an effect there needs to be a cause, but it was Aquinas
who attributed the role of first cause to the God of classical theism
Most important advocate= Thomas Aquinas
Came up with 5 ways ­ first 3 form the cosmological
1. The argument from an unmoved mover
2. The argument from an uncaused cause
3. The argument from possibility to necessity
Aquinas observes that `in the world some things are in motion' and that `whatever is
moved is moved by another'
If an infinite chain of movers were postulated then no first mover would be
necessary, but Aquinas rejects that supposition, since an infinite chain with no
beginning can have no intermediate or final mover in the chain
Everything that moves is moved by something else
The moved is moved by something else
The chain however cannot be infinite e.g. dominoes(someone must have pushed
the first domino to create the chain of movement)
Therefore there must be an unmoved mover
Aquinas concluded that the unmoved mover is dependent upon the first mover who
he suggests `everyone understands to be God'
Everything has a cause
Every cause has a cause
There cannot be an infinite number of causes
Therefore there must be an uncaused cause
Which T.A concluded to be God

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Again T.A rejects the possibility of an infinite chain of causes since such a chain will
have no first cause and hence no subsequent causes.
Although both first and second way appear to be identical, the first is
concerned with what Aquinas calls the `reduction of something from
potentiality to actuality' (change) whereas the second identifies `an order of
efficient causes'.…read more


Aiste - Team GR

very useful :)

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