The Cold War (International Relations) Section 4 - edexcel

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1941 ­ The Grand Alliance
1946 ­ The Long Telegram
> US ambassador Kennan to Truman.
> USSR viewed capitalism as a threat.
> USSR building up their military power.
> Peace between USSR and US was impossible.
1946 ­ The Novikov Telegram
> From USSR ambassador Novikov to Stalin.
> US preparing its people for war.
> US wanted world domination ­ building up military power.
> USSR only country strong enough to stand up to US.
1943 ­ The Teheran Conference
> USSR should have a sphere of influence over E. Europe.
> US and GB have sphere of influence over W. Europe.
> Continue to defeat Germany.
- Stalin wanted to punish Germany, reparations.
- US and GB wanted to rebuild and stabilise Germany.
Feb 1945 ­ The Yalta Conference
> Communism in Poland.
> Set up UN ­ peace in Europe.
> Democracy in Europe.
> Help defeat Japan once Germany defeated.
- Conflict over what `democracy' meant:
- Stalin: communist government.
- USA: voting in elections.
July 1945 ­ The Potsdam Conference
> Ban Nazi party and punish as war criminals.
> Reduce Germany's size by ¼
> Split Germany into 4 zones: US/USSR/GB/FR ­ reparations to be taken from each zone.
- Stalin broke his word about communism in Poland.
- Size of reparations: Stalin took ¼ industrial equipment because given one of poorer parts, but had
to be paid back with coal.
- US atomic bomb dropped between Yalta and Potsdam, was unknown to Stalin, USSR felt left in the
dark ­ tensions arose.

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Truman's concerns:
- Europe devastated after the war.
- Many left with no jobs, no money, feeling helpless.
- Communism was attractive to those who had nothing ­ made sure everyone had enough.
- Some countries had been liberated from Nazi rule by the government.
- Some countries (Poland, Romania) already had communism forced upon them.
- Some countries were too poor to combat communist revolutions (Greece, Turkey).
- If these countries turned communist, others in Europe and the Middle East would soon follow.…read more


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