the cognitive interview

notes on the congitive interview

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The cognitive interview
Incorporates the concepts of cue dependant forgetting. This is if we add cues we
can trigger information in our memory which can't be recalled.
There are 4 stages which aim to maximise different retrieval pathways:
Reinstate the context: imagine to context of the crime, the environment, and
how they were feeling at the time.
Events are recalled in reverse order: to make sure details aren't missed out.
Witnesses asked to recall any fact no matter how fragmented the memory
might be.
The witnesses describe the events from someone else's point of view.
Showed a number of participants some videos of simulated crimes and then
interviewed them using the cognitive interview technique.
He then showed the videos to a second group of participants under the
second condition of hypnosis and then to the third group with standard
police interviews.
Evaluation of Geiselman
Poor ecological validity as it used simulated videos. Videos don't represent
real life situations well enough as the viewer doesn't feel the same emotions
as they do when witnessing a real crime. Therefore the results of this
cannot be generalised to real life situations.
Evaluation: problems with the cognitive interview
Evidence shows that it increases the number of incorrect statements, this is
a problem because police will not know the arts of the testimony that are
true and which ones are false.
It is expensive and time consuming
Some police forces only use some parts of the cognitive interview. This is a
problem because not using all parts of the cognitive interview may increase
the number of incorrect statements.

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