The Cognitive Approach to Abnormality - Key Info!

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Lizzie M
  • Created on: 25-05-13 19:00
Preview of The Cognitive Approach to Abnormality - Key Info!

First 136 words of the document:

Basic Principles
Abnormality is caused by faulty thinking:
· This model assumes thinking directs behaviour; therefore mental illness is the result of
disordered thinking.
· Focus is not on problem but the way a person thinks about it.
· Faulty thinking prevents the person behaving adaptively.
· ELLIS called this the A-B-C model:
A = activating event (e.g. sight of large dog)
B = the belief which may be rational (e.g. `the dog is harmless') or irrational (e.g.
`the dog will hurt me')
C = Consequence ­ rational beliefs = healthy emotions (e.g. indifference) whereas
irrational beliefs = unhealthy emotions (e.g. panic)
Individual is in control:
Individual cause of own behaviour as they control their own thoughts. Abnormality is then, a
product of faulty control.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Treatments ­ Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: REBT
· Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET) developed by ELLIS. Based on idea problems
result from irrational thinking.
· RET was renamed REBT (Rational-Emotive Behavioural Therapy).
· REBT helps client understand their thinking's irrationality and the consequences
of this.
How does REBT work then?
Cognitive approach says that our beliefs re the influence behind our emotional
well-being, and so irrational beliefs lead to bad outcomes. REBT tries to change these
irrational thoughts into more rational ones.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Pragmatic Disputing:
Emphasises lack of usefulness of the irrational belief (How is the belief helping
you?) How is not being able to fly helping you?…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »