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Basic Principles
Abnormality is caused by faulty thinking:

· This model assumes thinking directs behaviour; therefore mental illness is the result of
disordered thinking.
· Focus is not on problem but the way a person thinks about it.
· Faulty thinking prevents the person behaving adaptively.
· ELLIS called this…

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Treatments ­ Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: REBT
· Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET) developed by ELLIS. Based on idea problems
result from irrational thinking.
· RET was renamed REBT (Rational-Emotive Behavioural Therapy).
· REBT helps client understand their thinking's irrationality and the consequences
of this.

How does REBT work then?

Cognitive approach says…

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Pragmatic Disputing:
Emphasises lack of usefulness of the irrational belief (How is the belief helping
you?) How is not being able to fly helping you?


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