The Bolshevik Revolution: 1917-1924

Content:

•Some background and the revolution of 1905
•Outbreak of the February revolution
•Collapse of the Provisional Government (PG) and the subsequent takeover by Bolsheviks
•Initial survival of Bolsheviks plus Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
•War communism and the social revolution
•The New Economic Policy (NEP)
•Stalin’s Emergence as Lenin’s Successor (very early).

additional practice may be found after the bibliography

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pictures, music, videos or primary documents.

This contains lots of notes which may make it tedious and boring, and it may not cover everything. Try and make the best of this, I hope it helped somewhat.

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  • Created by: Santi
  • Created on: 26-05-12 03:59

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The Bolshevik Revolution

By: Santi Solano

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Focus of notes
· Some background and the revolution of 1905
· Outbreak of the February revolution
· Collapse of the Provisional Government (PG) and the
subsequent takeover by Bolsheviks
· Initial survival of Bolsheviks plus Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
· War communism and the social revolution
· The New Economic…

Page 3

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Background of Russia prior to
revolution
· During the 1800s, Russian peasants were increasingly become
more bitter and hostile to the aristocracy (demanded and
obtained credit from the government to buy from the
landowners or former masters) [essentially they wanted more
land for themselves]. Social conditions were also bad as…

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Background of Russia prior to
revolution
· Revolutionary parties emerged from the peasantry as late
back as 1825, and also emerged from the intelligentsia who
wanted an overthrow of the tsarist regime.
­ The revolutionary intelligentsia were populists who were interested in
the problems of the peasantry who made up…

Page 5

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Background of Russia prior to
revolution
· Russian Marxists held a second party congress in Brussels and
London in 1903 with the purpose to solidify all Russian
Marxism
­ The result of the conference was a split in the Social Democrats into
two factions: The Bolsheviks (majority) and the Mensheviks…

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Background of Russia prior to
revolution
· Tsar Nicholas II: believed strongly in the autocracy and that any
ideas questioning orthodoxy, great Russian nationalism and the
monarchy as un-Russian (did not like liberalism at all).
· By the early 1900s, discontent was growing; peasants were
trespassing on the lands of…

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The Revolution of 1905
· `Bloody Sunday' January 1905: the workers who had gathered
before the tsar's Winter Palace were shot by troops (the tsar was
not in the city and his officials were afraid of the masses).
· The result was a large wave of political strikes, peasants
overrunning…

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The Revolution of 1905
· Despite the Duma promised, strikes went on, peasants and
workers were aroused and demanded respectively more land,
less taxation and a shorter working day and a living wage.
· Mutinies also occurred among soldiers at Kronstadt and
sailors in the Black Sea fleet
· The…

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Results of the revolution
· The result of the revolution was the Duma (elected
parliament which consisted of the of the lower house/Russian
parliament and the State Council/upper house).
· The Duma was largely undermined by the tsar who
announced it would have no power over foreign policy, the
state…

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The Duma and Russia (1907-1916)
· The second Duma was elected in 1907 with the government
trying to control the elections via suppression and
newspapers.
­ 86 socialists were elected, resulting in the cadets becoming fearful of
the left.
­ The duma however was dissolved when the government denounced
and…

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