The Boer War

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The Boer war
The impact of reporting and propaganda
Stance of the newspapers
Most of the newspapers were supportive of the war effort, with only the Manchester Guardian
being opposed to it throughout its duration.
Anti-war newspapers found that their sales declined.
Daily Chronicle even hired a new editor and changed from being anti to pro-Boer
The Daily Mail at this point had by far the most readership, with an increased readership of 1
million. This was benefited particularly when it dramatized events such as the relief of
The Times and Morning Post were pro-war but were much more critical of government
planning and organisation of the war effort
War correspondents
War correspondents were generally uncritical of the war and even sometimes put out false
information to try to help the British (portraying the Boers as cruel and heartless for
Churchill's reporting for the morning post of his capture and escape increased his fame in
December 1899
Emily Hobhouse reported on the awful conditions that were found within concentration
Army and the press
Boer war was the first to have an official British army censor
Buller had a negative view of the press, therefore not co-operating with correspondents.
o He consequently received bad press after events of black week
Roberts realised the value of them in maintaining morale and supplying a generally positive
public image
Kitchener felt that the press needed to be controlled, introduced greater censorship during
the Guerrilla phase of war (1900-1)
Concentration Camps and Guerrilla Warfare

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Concentration camps
During the war, the British increasingly used concentration camps to house Boer women, children and
black Africans.…read more

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Army reform and social reforms
Army reforms
The Esher reforms...
Improvements to army organisation through better defined roles, such as that of the chief of
the general staff who had responsibility for planning and training
Improved training and professionalism through new drill books
New and better weapons introduced
Haldane Reforms...…read more


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