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The Situation
Menshikov had set up his forces south of the Alma
River, on high ground, when he heard of the British
march south the Sebastopol
He believe this would be easy to defend
GB and FR halted troops close to the water (cholera
began to become a major problem)…read more

Slide 3

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Battle Preparations
Before the battle, the French commander, St
Arnaud rode over to discuss tactics and strategy
with Lord Raglan, the British commander
Lord Raglan assured him of British support, but did
not tell his men of the French plans. He did not
have any plans himself.
He also did not call for any reconnaissance,
meaning the British knew little about the strength
of the force they were facing.…read more

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Lord Raglan's Mistakes
Lord Raglan did not grasp the crucial nature of the
battle at hand
If the allies were defeated, their campaign in the
Crimea would be over
If they won, the road forward to Sebastopol was
But still Lord Raglan did not make sufficient plans
or preparations…read more

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The Battle, 22 September 1854
The Russians were very confident of victory- they
even invited civilians to the battle field to picnic
and watch
The French began the battle, but were quickly
pinned down
The British, having no real plan, charged straight
uphill, and won
The Russians were forced to flee, suffering allot of
death and injury
The way to Sebastopol was open, but at a high
price- 363 men died and around 1,600 injured…read more

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The Medical Problem
The injury/death toll was huge, but the British had
very few medical provisions in place
They majority of injured men were sent back to the
ships unexpectedly
Even William Russell admitted the French were
better prepared, with stretcher bearers etc at the
Another example of organisational incompetence…read more


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