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Why was there even this strike in the
first place
REASON 1. Trade Union militancy - In 1913 the miners',
railwaymen's and transport workers' unions formed the Triple
Alliance. This included a promise to support each other if there
was a strike. However on 15 April 1921 (known as `Black Friday')
the railway and transport unions didn't support the miners when
the mine owners reduced their wages and increased their hours
of work.
REASON 2. Economic Depression - There were economic problems
after the war, and in 1925 the government returned to the gold
standard . This caused a depression and reduced exports,
especially of coal.
REASON 3. Fear of Communism - In 1924 the 'Daily Mail' published a
letter believed to be from the Russian Communist leader
(Zinoviev) urging British communists to start a revolution. It was
later found out to be a forgery, but it frightened middle-class
people, making them determined to oppose the demands of the…read more

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Gold Standard-When the value of the pound
equals to the amount of gold in the Bank of
England.…read more

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Timeline of events
Tuesday 4 May 1926 The Trades Union Congress (TUC) calls general strike to support
the miners' quarrels with mine owners who want to reduce their wages by 13 per
cent & increase their shifts from seven to eight hours. Lots of transport, (i.e. bus &
rail), dock, printing, gas and electricity, building, and coal workers stay off work.
Wednesday 5 May The government acts aggressively against the strike and try to take
more control over media, send a warship to Newcastle, and recruit 226,000 special
Thursday 6 May Some middle-class volunteers get some buses, trains and electricity
working. A few buses are set on fire. There are fights between police and strikers in
London, Glasgow and Edinburgh. Stanley Baldwin, the prime minister, declares the
strike an attack on Britain's democracy.
Friday 7 May Police and strikers clash in Liverpool, Hull and London. The government
calls the army to London, seizes all supplies of paper, which delays publication of
TUC's paper, 'The British Worker'. Russian trade unionists send a large donation,
which is sent back.
Saturday 8 May Police make baton-charges on rioting strikers in Glasgow, Hull,
Middlesbrough, Newcastle and Preston. The number of volunteers increases. The
army escorts food lorries from London docks. JH Thomas talks secretly with mine
Sunday 9 May The Roman Catholic Church declares the strike 'a sin'.…read more

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Timeline of events (cont.)
Monday 10 May Some textile workers join the strike. Strikers in Northumberland
disrupt the Flying Scotsman train. Baldwin declares Britain is in danger of a
revolution & the government arrests 374 Communists.
Tuesday 11 May The TUC, led by JH Thomas, calls off the strike. The strikers are taken
by surprise, but drift back to work.
The miners struggle alone until November when they are finally forced to go
back to work for smaller wages and longer hours.
Men attempting to
lift an overturned
bus…read more

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A baton-charge-A charge made by people
armed with batons, especially police officers
The Flying Scotsman-A daily British express
passenger train service that has been running
between London and Edinburgh since 1862…read more

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