The Thatcher Revolution - Society (Complete notes AQA - 12/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

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Preview of The Thatcher Revolution - Society (Complete notes AQA - 12/16)

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The
`Thatcher'
Revolution
­
Society
The
social
impact
of
Thatcherism,
including
privatisations
and
sale
of
council
houses;
the
significance
of
the
Miner's
Strike,
1984-1985,
on
industrial
relations;
the
emergence
of
extra-parliamentary
opposition
Demographic
change
- Population
o 1975
56
million
o 1990
58
million
o Although
1975-78
population
fell
slightly
o Birth
rate
! Birth
rates
were
decreasing,
the
only
increase
was
caused
by
immigration.
- Immigration
o 1974
Bangladesh
immigration.
! Triggered
by
Pakistan
break
up.
o Asian
population
of
Bradford
reached
50,000.
! Today
it
is
20%
of
the
city.
- Emigration
o In
the
late
1970s
and
early
1980s
Britain
was
a
net
emigration
country.
Immigration
- 2
million
non-whites
already
lived
in
the
UK.
o In
1951
only
75,000.
- 1981
British
Nationality
Act
o Limited
Citizenship
to
those
already
legally
settled
in
Britain,
or
had
one
British
parent.
o Also
created
`British
overseas
citizens'
who
also
had
no
right
to
enter
Britain.
! Included
Falkland
Islanders
initially,
a
piece
of
irony
later
removed.
o Result:
by
1982
immigration
dropped
below
54,000.
- 25,000
immigrants
were
accepted
from
the
Commonwealth
each
year
under
Thatcher.
- Opinions
o 72%
of
people
agreed
with
Callaghan's
act
to
limit
Commonwealth
immigration.
Riots
- Reasons
o Recession
hit
young,
particularly
those
with
little
education.
o Decline
of
inner
cities
o Immigration
on
a
higher
scale
o Racial
prejudice
- April
1980
St
Paul's,
Bristol.

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July
1981
Brixton
o Fights
broke
out
between
Police
and
Black
youths
following
`operation
swamp'
which
involved
a
lot
of
searching
of
black
youths,
with
very
few
being
charged.
o West
Indian
community
fought
the
police
as
they
believed
them
to
be
racist,
and
the
police
believed
the
area
to
be
unsafe
so
thought
searching
everyone
and
putting
more
patrols
out
was
a
good
idea.
- July
1981
Toxteth,
Liverpool.…read more

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Given
generous
discounts.
o Mortgages
had
been
deregulated.
o Historiography
! Marr
points
out
that
there
were
issues
to
follow
with
thousands
of
homes
being
repossessed
and
people
loosing
everything.
! Jeremy
Black
argues
that
under
Right
to
Buy
the
better
quality
housing
sold,
while
the
worst
housing
didn't,
forcing
people
dependant
on
social
housing
to
live
in
`sink
housing'.…read more

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S.
Wallis
! `The
mass
media
like
to
report
violence
and
they
often
refuse
to
broadcast
details
of
peaceful
demonstrations.
This
pushes
anarchist
organisation
to
foment
violence
as
a
way
of
achieving
change'.
! `The
main
reason
for
the
[poll
tax]
riots
was
the
police
starting
it...
as
they
realise
its
in
the
interests
of
the
ruling
class'
for
anti-status
quo
protesters
to
be
seen
as
violent.…read more

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Amstrad
computers
were
available.
- Education
was
a
great
consideration
o The
BBC
launched
the
Acorn
computer
for
schools,
costing
£400,
the
aim
was
to
improve
literacy
skills.
Feminism
and
Women
- Female
electoral
candidates
was
161
in
1974
highest
ever.
- A
women
was
elected
as
Prime
Minister
in
1979.
- There
was
an
increasing
women's
movement
against
the
failure
of
the
legal
system
to
prosecute,
or
even
catch
in
many
cases
people
that
committed
sexual
abuse.…read more

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Lowering
taxes
in
theory
encouraged
people
to
be
more
middle
class.
- Underclass
o There
was
a
dramatic
increase
in
homelessness
due
to
the
lack
of
council
housing,
lack
of
provision
for
ex
serviceman
and
the
closure
of
mental
health
homes
(according
to
J.
Black).
Football
hooliganism
- Drunken
charge
by
Liverpool
supporters
in
Belgium
in
1985
killed
38
people.
o Left
English
club
ban
from
international
football.
Anti-Liberal
Society
- Section
28
banned
local
authorities
`promoting
homosexuality'.…read more

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