The Thatcher Revolution - Foreign Policy (Complete notes AQA - 11/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

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Page 1

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`Thatcher
Revolution'
­
Foreign
Policy

The
Falklands
War;
Britain's
relations
with
Europe;
the
European
referendum
of

1975
and
its
significance
for
the
main
political
parties;
Mrs
Thatcher's
`special

relationship'
with
the
United
States;
Britain's
role
in
ending
the
Cold
war

Wilson
and
Callaghan
1974-1979

Labour
and
the
EEC



- Division…

Page 2

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o This
was
more
to
do
with
the
changing
circumstances
due
to

gorilla
armies,
loss
of
support
from
South
Africa
and
Portugal
etc,

than
any
change
in
British
negotiations.
(Sked
and
Cook.)

- President
Carter
was
impressed
by
this
action,
as
the
Americans
had
held

little
hope
of
a
good…

Page 3

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! His
regime
was
only
4
months
old
and
needed
bolstering.


! Argentina
was
experiencing
severe
economic
difficulties.


· Triple
and
quadruple
digit
inflation
rates
were
not

uncommon.


! Capturing
Las
Malvinas
would
be
a
popular
move
in

Argentina.


! The
government
was
liked
in
Britain
­
it
wasn't
communist.…

Page 4

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! It
was
ordered
by
Thatcher
personally.

· Possibly
to
damage
peace
talks.

o 21
May:
landed
at
San
Carlos
Water
on
East
Falkland
­
50
miles

away
from
the
capital,
Port
Stanley.

o Continued
damages


! Argentina
attacked
and
sank
four
British
ships.


! Argentina
lost
40
aircraft.

!…

Page 5

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o With
other
NATO
members
gave
limited
support
to
USSR
trade

sanctions
the
USA
was
encouraging.

- Support
of
Regan
(close
ally)

o
Supported
the
deploying
of
American
missiles
to
Western
Europe.

o 1983
Allowed
160
US
Cruise
Missiles
to
be
based
at
the
RAF
base

Greenham
Common.

o She…

Page 6

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! Allowed
US
to
use
British
airbases
to
bombing
Libya.

! Played
a
Covert
role
arming
Suddam
Hussein.

! Both
believed
resolution
in
South
Africa
was
through

economic
growth,
as
they
feared
non-racists
would
be

friendly
to
Moscow.

! 1986
British
assisted
in
the
bombing
of
Tripoli.

o Worked
apart…

Page 7

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o 1988
limited
reforms
were
agreed,
including
price
cuts
to
limit

agricultural
surpluses.


- Integration

o 1983
`Solemn
declaration
on
European
Union'
signed
by
all
heads

of
state,
calling
for
more
political
cooperation
against
terrorism,

high
technology,
security
and
European
Monetary
System.

o 1986
She
signed
the
single
European
Act,…

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