The Thatcher Revolution - Foreign Policy (Complete notes AQA - 11/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

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Preview of The Thatcher Revolution - Foreign Policy (Complete notes AQA - 11/16)

First 592 words of the document:

`Thatcher
Revolution'
­
Foreign
Policy
The
Falklands
War;
Britain's
relations
with
Europe;
the
European
referendum
of
1975
and
its
significance
for
the
main
political
parties;
Mrs
Thatcher's
`special
relationship'
with
the
United
States;
Britain's
role
in
ending
the
Cold
war
Wilson
and
Callaghan
1974-1979
Labour
and
the
EEC
- Division
over
membership
o Many
regarded
it
as
too
free-market
and
capitalist.
- Renegotiation
of
terms
of
membership
o 1974
election
pledge
to
do
so.
! Even
the
Chancellor
of
West
Germany
felt
Britain
was
paying
too
much.
o Sked
and
Cook
`[the
renegotiation]
only
brought
cosmetic
changes
to
Britain's
relationship
with
the
community,
and
only
then
for
reasons
purely
of
domestic
politics'.
o Result
! Opinion
polls
saw
a
change
from
30%
support
to
70%
support
between
January
to
April
1975.
- Referendum
o Labour
had
promised
a
referendum
on
the
subject,
it
was
announced
that
the
vote
would
be
held
5
June
1975.
o Wilson
let
people
campaign
with
their
conscience.
! YES:
Shirley
Williams,
Roy
Jenkins
joined
with
Tories
such
as
Edward
Heath
plus
Liberals.
· Regarded
as
the
modern
view,
progressive.
! NO:
Tony
Benn
and
Michael
Foot
joined
with
Scottish
Nationalists
and
Enoch
Powell.
o Results
! YES
vote
won
by
17
million
to
8
million
against.
2:1
- Leadership
opinion
o Wilson
wasn't
passionate,
but
like
Callaghan,
felt
withdrawal
would
be
an
economic
disaster
for
Britain.
o Referendum
provided
a
good
result,
and
didn't
pull
the
party
apart.
Thatcher
1979-1981
Rhodesia
- Callaghan
and
Wilson's
governments
had
tried
to
take
action,
but
had
few
resources
to
do
so.
- Thatcher
was
probably
going
to
recognise
the
now
Black
government,
but
Lord
Carrington
persuaded
her
to
come
to
a
formal
agreement
to
stop
the
gorilla
forces
fighting
on.
- Under
Thatcher
the
Lancaster
House
1980
agreement
was
signed
creating
a
one
man
one
vote
constitution
and
free
elections.

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This
was
more
to
do
with
the
changing
circumstances
due
to
gorilla
armies,
loss
of
support
from
South
Africa
and
Portugal
etc,
than
any
change
in
British
negotiations.
(Sked
and
Cook.)
- President
Carter
was
impressed
by
this
action,
as
the
Americans
had
held
little
hope
of
a
good
outcome.
South
Africa
- She
maintained
trade,
against
the
Commonwealth
and
EC's
decision,
as
she
said
she
wanted
"peaceful
negotiations"
to
end
apartheid.
- She
invited
the
president
to
visit
in
1986.…read more

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His
regime
was
only
4
months
old
and
needed
bolstering.
! Argentina
was
experiencing
severe
economic
difficulties.
· Triple
and
quadruple
digit
inflation
rates
were
not
uncommon.
! Capturing
Las
Malvinas
would
be
a
popular
move
in
Argentina.
! The
government
was
liked
in
Britain
­
it
wasn't
communist.
· Galtieri
mistakenly
thought
that
Britain
would
look
with
sympathy
at
the
ownership.
- International
and
Internal
Politics
o All
political
parties
in
Britain
condemned
the
unprovoked
and
aggressive
actions
of
Argentina.…read more

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It
was
ordered
by
Thatcher
personally.
· Possibly
to
damage
peace
talks.
o 21
May:
landed
at
San
Carlos
Water
on
East
Falkland
­
50
miles
away
from
the
capital,
Port
Stanley.
o Continued
damages
! Argentina
attacked
and
sank
four
British
ships.
! Argentina
lost
40
aircraft.
! 8
June:
two
landing
ships
were
destroyed
killing
50
British
troops.
o Port
Stanley,
14
June:
Argentine
forces
surrendered
­
MT
made
the
comment
`rejoice,
rejoice'.…read more

Page 5

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With
other
NATO
members
gave
limited
support
to
USSR
trade
sanctions
the
USA
was
encouraging.
- Support
of
Regan
(close
ally)
o
Supported
the
deploying
of
American
missiles
to
Western
Europe.
o 1983
Allowed
160
US
Cruise
Missiles
to
be
based
at
the
RAF
base
Greenham
Common.
o She
purchased
Trident
($12
Billion)
to
replace
Polaris,
tripling
Britain's
nuclear
capacity.
- Hong
Kong
hand
over
o Wanted
to
keep
the
sovereignty
of
Hong
Kong.…read more

Page 6

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Allowed
US
to
use
British
airbases
to
bombing
Libya.
! Played
a
Covert
role
arming
Suddam
Hussein.
! Both
believed
resolution
in
South
Africa
was
through
economic
growth,
as
they
feared
non-racists
would
be
friendly
to
Moscow.
! 1986
British
assisted
in
the
bombing
of
Tripoli.
o Worked
apart
! 1983
US
didn't
consult
London
before
overthrowing
the
communist
dictatorship
in
the
commonwealth
country
of
Granada
(London
felt
ignored).…read more

Page 7

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Integration
o 1983
`Solemn
declaration
on
European
Union'
signed
by
all
heads
of
state,
calling
for
more
political
cooperation
against
terrorism,
high
technology,
security
and
European
Monetary
System.
o 1986
She
signed
the
single
European
Act,
which
aimed
for
a
fully
free
market
in
Europe
by
1992.
! Thatcher
wanted
free
trade.
o 1988
Thatcher
made
Speech
where
she
criticized
further
integration
harshly.…read more

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