The life of Prophet Muhammad

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Introduction
The time before the coming of the holy prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) in Arabia for
the spreading of the religion of Allah, Islam, was known as Pre Islamic Arabia.
That period is also known as the Jahiliyya period that is the age of ignorance. It
is also known as the darkest period of history and the worst period of human
era. This is due:
To the fact that during that period the inhabitants of Arabia were
deprived of a guide and a book of guidance.
Another reason is that they had forsaken(forgot)their prophets and the
last one coming to them was Isa (AS).
Another reason was that they had started falsifying their sacred book.
The situations before the coming of the holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) were as
follows:
1. They were worshiping idols.
2. There were 360 idol in and around the Ka`bah.
3. They were associating anything or anyone to Allah.
4. They believed that there would be no life after death that, is they did not
believe in the day of judgement.
5. They worshipped grave of their ancestors.
6. They were performing circumambulation of the Ka`bah in the state of nudity.
7. Bribe and interest were being practised.
8. They were considering female bodies as inferior and they had no right.
9. Killing and burying of baby girls.
In order to guide Mankind, Allah sent many prophets. The last prophet that
Allah sent was Muhammad (s.a.w) in order to reform and guide humanity. He
spent 13 years in Macca and 10 years in Madina in the spreading of Islam. His
life is full of lessons to take and to put into practice.
he Elephant
The Ethiopian governor of Yemen, Abraha al-Ashram, envied the reverence in
which the Ka'bah was held by the Arabs. Being a Christian, he built a big
cathedral in Sanaa (the capital of Yemen) and ordered the Arabs to go there

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The order was ignored. Not only that someone entered
the cathedral and made it unclean. The wrath of Abraha knew no bounds. In his
fury, he decided to avenge it by demolishing and desecrating the Ka'bah itself.
He advanced with a large army towards Mecca.
There were many elephants in his army he himself rode a huge elephant. It was
an animal which the Arabs had not seen before, thus the year came to be known
as 'Amul-Fil (the year of the elephant).…read more

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Abdul Muttalib bin Hashim and his father was Abdullah. His
grandfather Abdul Mutwalib gave him the name Muhammad and his mother
Amina named him Ahmad. His grandfather from his mother`s side was Wahab bin
Abdul Manaf and his mother was Bibi Aminah. He took birth in Macca. His
father died 6 months before his birth and he was thus an orphan from birth
itself. There were many unusual events and miracles at his birth.…read more

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Zamzam water. Then, he put it back together
and returned it to its place.
In his 6th
years, he went to live with his mother. Little Muhammad and his
mother, Amina, both left Makkah for Medina to visit her relatives and probably
to pay a respectful visit to her husband's grave. On her way back to Makkah,
Amina passed away at a place named Abwa'. Umm Aiman, a slave returned him to
his grandfather.…read more

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This shows the
Prophets character.
In about 605 A.D., when the Holy Prophet was 35 years old, a flood swept
Mecca and the building of the Ka'bah was badly damaged. The Quraish decided
to rebuild it. When the walls reached a certain height, a dispute arose between
various clans as to whom should the honor of placing the Black Stone (Hajar
Aswad) in its place go.…read more

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Muhammad used to go in isolation in the cave of Hira where he used to meditate
continuously for many days before wishing to see his family. He used to take
with him provisions for the stay.
At the age of 40 the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of
Hira. The angel Jibril came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (pbuh)
replied, `I do not know how to read.…read more

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Shahadah (2nd Kalima) in Mataaf, he was assaulted. In trying
to protect the prophet (s.a.w) Harith bin Abi Hala was martyred.
The infidel Quraysh imagined that the Prophet had material or sensual
ambitions and that through such ambitions they would be able to induce him to
stop his propagation of Islam. With such an intention, they went to him and said,
`If you demand money and wealth, we will make you the wealthiest man among
all Arabs.…read more

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Islam and oppose the new faith and for that
particular reason they persecuted the new muslims.
As from the year 614 the poor, destitute and needy who accepted Islam were
put in prisons starved and beaten with sticks. They were exposed to the
scorching sun. They were tortured and killed. Rubbish and thorny bushes were
thrown on Prophet Muhammad (s.a.…read more

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He thus allowed the Muslims to stay. Najashi the king of Abyssinia treated the
Muslims very kindly.
By the year 616, a group of 80 ­ 83 persons (2nd
Group) including Hazrat Jafar,
son of Abu Talib went to Abyssinia for the same reason. Although the Quraish
tried to follow the emigrants and bring them back, they failed.…read more

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We will give him to you to adopt as your own son and in
return you must stop supporting your nephew'.
This severely annoyed Abu Talib who gave this answer to their ridiculous
request, `What an unjust proposal! You ask me to take care of your son and give
my own son to you to kill him! I swear by God that such a thing will never take
place'.
In the 6th
year of Prophets mission, Hamza and Umar embraced Islam.…read more

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