The failure of Opposition to Charles II

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The Failure of Opposition to Charles II
The Fate of the regicides
In 1660 the convention parliament ordered that some regicides should meet justice.
Such as Cromwell, Ireton and Pride (unfortunately they were all dead and hence had
their bodies dug up and hanged, drawn and quartered). The regicides who were still
alive in 1660 were put on trial such as Thomas Harrison (of the 5th monarchists) Over
three years 13 regicides were executed but Lambert (the snake) begged forgiveness and
was imprisoned instead.
Lamberts uprising
In 1660 he escaped from the tower of London and called on all supporters of the "good
old cause" to gather at Edge hill. But he was captured and the rising had failed mainly
because the army had been purged and so there was not enough unity for a successful
Within the New Model Army
There were divisions within the New Model Army, the army had been purged so there
was no united opposition.
Venner's rising 1661
Venner lead a group of 50 men in an uprising in London, they were so fanatical that it
took 4 days to put down. Fairfax, Monk and James (soon to be the second) all helped
take down Venner. After the uprising there was a mass arrest and nonconformists were
persecuted in London. Venner was hanged, drawn and quartered.
Northern Plot 1663 flop plot
Uprising in Yorkshire (ey up), led by a man called Oats and Greathead, 50 men aimed to
overthrow the royalist strong hold in the centre of Leeds. Aimed to coordinates with
other rebels from Ireland and Scotland. It failed to gain support and 26 of the 50 men
were hanged, drawn and quartered (as so many others were)
Conclusion why the opposition failed...
1) Strong action was taken by the government
2) Nonconformists were weakened by purging of local government
3) Charles had a standing army and money raised to call troops
4) Lack of republican activism which limited opposition


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