The End of Consensus - Society (Modern Britain AQA complete notes 8/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

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Preview of The End of Consensus - Society (Modern Britain AQA complete notes 8/16)

First 393 words of the document:

The
End
of
Consensus
­
Society
The
impact
on
communities
of
industrial
disputes;
the
significance
of
the
Miner's
strike,
1973;
the
birth
of
environmentalism
Demographics
- UK
population
(million)
o 1960
-
52.4
o 1970
­
55.6
o 1980
­
56.3
o Note:
Not
steady
growth
! Some
years
saw
rapid
growth,
! Others
saw
stagnation
! E.g.
1975-1978
populations
fell.
- Migration
o Kenyan
Migration
o Ugandan
Migration
! 28,000
came.
Immigration
Impacts
- Opposition
o 1968
Enoch
Powell's
Rivers
of
Blood
speech.
! Powell
held
traditional
imperialist
views,
and
was
concerned
about
race
relations.
! He
feared
the
race
riots
of
America
occurring
in
Britain.
! Heath
sacked
him
from
the
Cabinet
by
Heath.
! Gallup
Poll
showed
75%
of
the
Public
supported
Powell.
o Many
people
marched
in
London
in
support
of
Powell
­
the
Smithfield
meat
workers.
o Midlands's
members
of
the
Transport
Workers
Union
objected
to
the
employment
of
non-white
people
on
buses.
! Concerns
about
wages
being
undercut.
- Legislation
o In
1965
Wilson
as
PM
advocated
placing
limits
and
restrictions
on
migration
to
Britain.
o 1965
Race
Relations
Act.
! Set
up
race
relations
board
to
implement
laws.
o 1968
Commonwealth
Immigration
Act
! Response
to
influx
of
Kenyan
Asians.
o 1971
Immigration
Act
Influxes
of
migration
- Kenyan
Asians
- Ugandan
Asians
- Vietnamese
boat
people

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Living
conditions
- New
housing
estates
and
council
estates
increased.
o Slums
cleared
and
replaced
by
tower
blocks.
- More
private
car
ownership
and
the
ever
expanding
road
network
­
enabled
people
to
`flee
the
suburbs',
inner
cities
were
underfunded
and
increasingly
falling
into
decay
Industrial
disputes
- Strike
became
more
political
rather
than
economic
or
about
conditions
at
work.…read more

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Friends
of
the
Earth
was
formed
(USA),
expanded
to
Britain
in
1971.
- 1973
British
Ecology
Party
was
formed
(became
the
Green
party)
- 1971
Greenpeace,
radical
group
(Canada)
expanded
to
Britain
in
1977
to
campaign
against
Whaling.
- Direct
action
split
the
environmental
movement.
- 1973
Animal
rights
protestors
attacked
Pharmaceutical
companies.
- 1976
Animal
Liberation
Front
formed
o Sent
letter
bomb
to
Mrs
Thatcher
in
1984.…read more

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New
universities
created
by
Labour
became
anti-government
militant
hotbeds
of
revolutionary
talk
and
protest.
It
had
been
designed
to
create
more
professional
and
civic-minded
citizens.
- July
1966
Time
Magazine
published
a
feature
on
London
titled
`swinging
city'
about
London.
Britain
was
rapidly
gaining
a
reputation
as
permissive.
- `New
wave
films',
rise
of
britsh
pop
music
and
fashion,
and
particularly
the
new
laws
of
Wilson's
government,
have
this
impression.…read more

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Marr
`Feminism
wasn't
a
societal
change
in
the
60s
it
was
a
philosophical
one'
! Citing
the
sexual
exploitation
by
Rock
Stars
other
celebrities,
and
the
obvious
distain
for
women
in
male
work
places.
Historiography
- K.O.
Morgan
o `The
social
fabric
had
been
kept
intact
because
of
high
and
advancing
living
standards...
by
1973
it
was
clear
that
the
economic
problems
of
Britain
were
having
more
general
consequences.…read more

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