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THE IMPEFECT TENSE
The imperfect tense is used to translate:

The idea of `DID' with a habitual/frequently occurring event or an event over a long period of
time.
The idea of `WAS' or `WERE' doing.
The idea of `USED TO' do.

Regular Verbs: AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs

I…

Page 2

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The IRREGULAR CONDITIONAL TENSE forms are due to the IRREGULARITIES in the FUTURE
TENSE STEMS:

DECIR: dir + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
HACER: har + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
PODER: podr + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
PONER: pondr + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais,…

Page 3

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SER (to be) soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son

TENER (to have) tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tenéis, tienen

VENIR (to come) vengo, vienes, viene, venimos, venís, vienen

VER (to see) veo, ves, ve, vemos, veis, ven


THE PRETERITE TENSE
The preterite tense is used to translate the idea of `I…

Page 4

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There are two tenses that can be used to describe events taking place in the future.

1) The simple future tense translates the idea of `TO BE GOING TO DO' something and is formed
by the present tense of IR + a +the infinitive.

IR (to go) a INFINITIVE

I…

Page 5

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TENER (to have) tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán

VENIR (to come) vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán


THE PERFECT TENSE
The perfect tense is used to translate the idea of `TO HAVE DONE' something. It is formed by the
appropriate part of the verb HABER with a PAST PARTICIPLE.…

Page 6

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We habíamos
You (pl) habíais
They/you (pl polite) habían

A past participle is used to express the idea of something being `done' and it is formed by taking
away the `AR/ER/IR' ending from the infinitive and adding the endings which are shown below.
There is only one ending of the…

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