Tenses Help

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  • Created on: 02-05-10 14:34
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THE IMPEFECT TENSE
The imperfect tense is used to translate:
The idea of `DID' with a habitual/frequently occurring event or an event over a long period of
time.
The idea of `WAS' or `WERE' doing.
The idea of `USED TO' do.
Regular Verbs: AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
I hablaba comía vivía
(yo)
You (s) hablabas comías vivías
(tú)
He/she/it/you (s polite) hablaba comía vivía
(él/ella/usted)
We hablámos comíamos vivíamos
(nosotros/as)
You (pl) hablabais comíais vivíais
(vosotros/as)
They/you (pl polite) hablaban comían vivían
(ellos/ellas/ustedes)
Irregular Verbs:
IR (to go) iba, ibas, iba, ibamos, ibais, iban
SER (to be) era, eras, era, éramos, erais, eran
VER (to see) veía, veías, veía, veíamos, veíais, veían
THE CONDITONAL TENSE
The conditional tense is used to translate the idea of `WOULD DO' something where a certain
condition must be satisfied before the action can take place:
The conditional tense is formed by combining the FUTURE TENSE STEM (this is the infinitive for
most verbs) with the `IA' IMPERFECT TENSE endings:
I jugar + ía jugaría
You (s) comer + ías comerías
He/she/it/you (s polite) escuchar + ía escucharía
We estudiar + íamos estudiaríamos
You (pl) escribir + íais escribiríais
They/you (pl polite) terminar + ían terminarían

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The IRREGULAR CONDITIONAL TENSE forms are due to the IRREGULARITIES in the FUTURE
TENSE STEMS:
DECIR: dir + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
HACER: har + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
PODER: podr + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
PONER: pondr + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
SABER: sabr + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
SALIR: saldr + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
TENER: tendr + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
VENIR: vendr + ía, ías, ía, íamos,…read more

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SER (to be) soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son
TENER (to have) tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tenéis, tienen
VENIR (to come) vengo, vienes, viene, venimos, venís, vienen
VER (to see) veo, ves, ve, vemos, veis, ven
THE PRETERITE TENSE
The preterite tense is used to translate the idea of `I DID' something.…read more

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There are two tenses that can be used to describe events taking place in the future.
1) The simple future tense translates the idea of `TO BE GOING TO DO' something and is formed
by the present tense of IR + a +the infinitive.…read more

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TENER (to have) tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán
VENIR (to come) vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán
THE PERFECT TENSE
The perfect tense is used to translate the idea of `TO HAVE DONE' something. It is formed by the
appropriate part of the verb HABER with a PAST PARTICIPLE. The verb HABER means `TO HAVE'
but is only used in compound tenses, such as the perfect tense.…read more

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We habíamos
You (pl) habíais
They/you (pl polite) habían
A past participle is used to express the idea of something being `done' and it is formed by taking
away the `AR/ER/IR' ending from the infinitive and adding the endings which are shown below.
There is only one ending of the past participle for each type of infinitive. The part of `haber' used
tells us who has done the action of the sentence.…read more

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