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Collision:
Himalayas:
Conservative:
San Andreas Fault:
1906 ground moved 6m 450 dead, 28000 buildings destroyed
1989 similar earthquake but less damage due to improved buildings
Types of Volcanoes
Shield:
Eg.…read more

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Composite:
Eg Etna:
Sometimes the magma solidifies before it reaches the crater, blocking it.
Pressure builds up and there is a violent explosion.…read more

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Fold Mountains
River Deposits Sediment into Geosyncline:
Sediment has been compressed to form sedimentary rock:
The mountains weld continents together:…read more

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Folding:
Under pressure from each side, rock will fold:
A = Antisyncline (up fold)
S = Syncline (down fold)
Land use in the Alps
Farming
The valley floor is ideal for farming the land is flat sheltered with deep
fertile soil. Traditional dairy farming used transhumance in the summer
cattle were taken to the high alp to graze. In autumn they were taken
back to the barns. They were feed with food grown in the summer. Their
milk made butter and cheese.…read more

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Attracts skiers, climbers and walkers. Beautiful scenery, lakeside
resorts, ski slopes, ice rinks, toboggan runs attract tourists. Also close
to France and Germany, good snow but also sunny.
H.E.P and Industry
Steep slopes, high precipitation and melting of glaciers produce fast
flowing rivers. Narrow valleys are easy to dam. Cheap HEP is used by
industries which require high amounts of electricity eg aluminum
smelting. Some electricity is exported.…read more

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