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Teaching children to read
Whole word approach
Spoken Language Talk about acquisition
Reading and Writing Teaching
Spoken Reading Writing
Average Age 3 Years 5 Years 6/7 Years
Whole Word Approach
Children learn the shape of words without breaking them down phonologically.
Eg. "Look" and "Say" Children learn to recognise whole words.
Flash cards can be used for this method.
Learn different sounds made by different letters and letter blends
There are two types of phonic approaches
Analytic Phonics Synthetic
Rhymes and song Actions
Shows difference between sounds and how to vocalise sounds.
Children Learn... Children Learn...
To break down whole words into phonemes To remember up to 44 phonemes and their
and graphemes, looking for phonetic or related graphemes. (One phoneme can be
orthographic patterns. represented by different graphemes. Eg.
`Ough', `Ow' and `Oa'
To decode words by separating them into To recognise each grapheme, sound each
smaller units: phoneme in a word, blend sounds together to
Onset (vowel or syllable at the start of sound a word phonetically.
Rime (rest of the word always begins
with a vowel)
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To use rhyme or analogy to learn other words Memorise phonemes quickly (5/6 sounds per
in a similar pattern. Eg. C-at, M-at, P-at week)
To recognise one letter sound at a time, seeing Often through multi sensory approach whereby
picture and showing words beginning with the 1.) See Symbols
same letter sound. 2.) Listens to Sounds
3.) Use Actions (Eg. Counting On Fingers)
Learn initial sounds first, then the middle sounds, then the final sounds
Competent readers in 3 Years. Breaking down unfamiliar words.…read more