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Tabular Analysis: Set Work 5 Bernstein
Dynamics Bar 4 begins with a soft pp dynamic, which is then accented by
Contrast with forte dynamics in bar 21.
Long sustained notes come with crescendos or diminuendos for
example bar 49.
Quick contrast in bar 115 crescendo from ppp to forte.
Use of subito, e.g. bar 128.
Rhythm/Metre Push rhythms used, e.g. bar 4 and throughout piece to accent
Syncopation used throughout to create layered texture.
Change of time signature: 3/4 to 2/4 in bar 21.
`Oompah' idea used in bar 82 with cross rhythms,
Structure Section A, Section B, Section B1, Section A1.
Structure is emphasised by changes in time signature,
changes in key, e.g. bar 32.
New dynamics used in new sections.
Context/Style West Side Story Play written by Leonard Bernstein as a
modern tale of the classic Romeo and Juliet.
Bernstein used new and modern techniques to create the play
in the music we can see this too e.g. tritone, jazzbased
Music to speak for example question and answer theme seen
in bar 13.
Harmony/Tonality Beginning in D major, change in key signature bar 32.
Use of bitonality with C and G major seen in bar 32.
Several examples of `blue notes' used to enhance jazz
inspiration, e.g. bar 48.
Neapolitan 6th chord. E flat chord in 3rd inversion. Used in bar
Melody Horizontal tritone often seen for example bar 17.
Question and answer idea/structure used due to upwards and
downwards moving melodic line.
Word painting used in bar 21 to emphasise vocal part/lyrics by
using a suitable accompaniment.
High tenor vocals, also known as higher range/tessitura used in
bar 74 enhances idea of mystery and suspense.
Instrumentation Piece written for 5 woodwind players 2 horns 3 trumpets 2
trombones 7 violins 4 cellos 2 double basses drum kits
Total number of people in orchestra totalled to approximately
Enhances idea of a layered texture.
Tempo Fast tempo for the duration of the piece.
Shorter notes, e.g. quavers and changes in key signature make
the music feel faster, e.g. bar 21.
Contrast of short snappy phrases and long phrases affect the
movement of the piece.
Arjun Paliwal 11P
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Texture Due to large instrumentation, texture generally remains
thick/polyphonic with interwoven rhythms and melodies.
Bar 82 uses cross rhythms, which create a sense of polyphonic
Layered texture of independent parts we can hear this from
the orchestration, as it is built up using this idea.…read more