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Psychological Therapies for Phobic Disorders



Systematic Desensitisation
Phobics are introduced gradually to the feared stimulus.
Aims to acquire a new stimulusresponse link.
In Vivo desensitisation the patient confronts their feared situations directly in the presence of it.
In Vitro desensitisation the patient imagines the situations rather than directly confronting them…

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Psychological Therapies for Phobic Disorders


- Klein et al compared SD with supportive psychotherapy for patients with either social or
specific phobias. Found no difference in the effectiveness which suggested that the active
ingredient in SD or CBT may simply be the generation of hopeful expectancies that the
phobia can…

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