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Phrases
A phrase is one or more words functioning as a
unit in a sentence, usually containing a
headword and accompanying modifiers.
Head Word Main word in phrase
Modifiers Words that describe the head word…read more

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Phrases Pt. 2
A noun phrase usually has a noun or pronoun as its
head word: the beach the sandy beach
the long, sandy beach the beach nearby
A verb phrase usually contains a main verb and any
accompanying auxiliary verbs: I may see him…read more

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Clauses
A clause usually contains both a verb phrase and other
types of phrase.
Clauses are made up of five elements:
Subject Predicator Object Complement Adverbial
Gives more
Performs the Verb The Gives more
action that is receiver of information about information
described the the subject about time,
predicator place, manner…read more

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S P O
Clauses Pt. 2
O
(My brother) (lent) (me) (his jacket)
S P O C
(He) (considered) (the verdict) (unjust)
S P
(The tree) (toppled)
S P C
(The sea) (was) (rough)
S P O
(The waves) (lashed) (the shore)
S P A
(The audience) (cheered) (enthusiastically)
S P O A
(I) (ate) (the burger) (hungrily)…read more

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Sentences
Simple Sentences ­ contains one clause including
single main verb and other clause elements
Compound Sentences ­ consists of two or more
simple sentences joined together by a coordinating
conjunction
· Joe lived in Glasgow and his sister lived in
London
· The exam was difficult but he passed
· You can jump in a taxi or you can wait for the
bus…read more

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