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Synoptic Toolkit for A2 Psychology (AQA)

In A2 psychology, an understanding of synoptic issues and debates is an essential part of the evaluative material.

Each approach sees human beings in a particular way
Each approach therefore presents a different model of human behaviour.
The guiding metaphor sums up how…

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Fails to acknowledge cultural influences on behaviour


o Bias is important because most research shows some sort of bias ­ it is a great evaluation point
o A lot of research is done in cultures where the male experience is seen as correct and the best.

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How to avoid it?
Greater use should be made of research carried out in the culture by members
of that culture
Cross cultural research should be encouraged

o Gender bias

o Set of moral guidelines used by a group of professionals
o Committee ­ review all research to approve…

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o Costbenefit
The ethics committee must decide if the benefits of the experiment to society are worth
the cost to the participants in terms of psychological harm.
For example, research into the effects of violent games on kids could have a huge
impact on society so allowing children to view…


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