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Perspectives on Education
Marxism

The education system works in the interest of the powerful minority.
The education system creates the illusion of a meritocracy, but the working class
are under false consciences due to capitalist ideology legitimising their
exploitation.
Education produces an obedient docile workforce.


Function one: Preparing the working…

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Cultural capital: The ability to unlock the codes of the school (middle classes) it is
passed on from one generation to the next, translated into wealth and power often,


Functionalism

Socialisation function:
Durkheim argued that education ensures there is a shared system of norms and
values to avoid anomie.
Parsons…

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`putting down' became a part of classroom culture. Girls saw themselves in terms of
objects of others desire rather in terms of their own achievements.

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