Pages in this set

Page 1

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1 Farrington ­ offending families 2 Sutherland ­ differential
Longitudinal association
Upbringing Criminal behaviour is learned
Nature vs nurture Interaction with others
Intergenerational transmission Favourable or unfavourable definitions
Prospective longitudinal study of the law
Persistors and desistors Repeated contact with criminal activity
Increasing age, increasing life success Situation is defined…

Page 2

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Mate selection Distractor faces/foils
Short time horizon Celebrities
Low life expectancy University personnel
Neighbourhoodspecific homicide rate Laboratory experiment

11 Loftus 12 Fisher
Laboratory experiment Field experiment
Weapon focus Dade County, Florida
Line or queue in a fast food outlet `Blind' observers
Cheque or gun Cognitive interview
Multiple choice questionnaire Recall…

Page 3

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Sample paid to take part Four conditions
Tape recording Juror memory
Massachusetts vs Caldwell Juror confidence
Ecological validity

21 Pickel 22 Castellow
Inadmissible evidence Attractiveness of the defendant and
Prior convictions witness
Credibility of the witness Mock trial
Mock trial 71 males 71 females getting extra
Judge gives reasons or…

Page 4

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92 deaths in 2007 ­ rise of 40% `Supermax' prisons
Content analysis Situational explanations of behaviour
Remand prisoners at risk Drug offences and `War on Drugs'
Hanging most popular method Racial bias
Most often at night No lessons from Stanford prison

31 Mair and May 32 Sherman and Strang

Page 5

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1 Health Belief Model ­ 2 Selfefficacy ­ Bandura
Becker/Rosenstock Outcome expectancy/Efficacy
Perceived threat expectation
(seriousness/susceptibility) Vicarious experience
Costs/benefits analysis Verbal persuasion
Cues to action ­ internal/external Emotional arousal
Demographic variables ­ gender, Cognitive appraisal
culture etc. Supported by Bandura and James
Supported by study on asthma patients
Perceived seriousness…

Page 6

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Less adherence if sideeffects of drugs Placebo group
Treatment must not reduce wellbeing Psychometric tests mirrored physical

9 Improving adherence ­ Watt et al. 10 Work as a cause of stress
Operant conditioning ­ reinforcement Johansson ­ Swedish sawmill
37 Children with asthma aged 1.5­6 Measured urine daily and…

Page 7

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Less headaches/medication in

17 A cognitive method of managing 18 A social method of managing
stress stress
Stress Inoculation Therapy ­ Social support ­ Wexler ­ Morrison
Michenbaum Women with breast cancer
Tested on college students with exam Prospective study of survival rates
stress Measured family, friend, work support…

Page 8

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Cognitive distortions in patients with Watson and Raynor ­ classical
depression conditioning
Interviews with reports of patients' Little Albert
thoughts Labinduced fear of rats
Certain themes appeared in the Generalised to other objects
patients: low selfesteem, selfblame, Lasted over time
responsibilities, desire to escape, anxiety Didn't test if could reverse…

Page 9

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33 Explanation of a psychotic 34 Treatments of an affective
disorders disorder
Biological ­ Gottesman and Shields Biological ­ Karp and Frank
Twin and family studies of Drug therapy as effective on own as
schizophrenia combined
Cognitive ­ Maher Cognitive ­ Ellis
Delusional thinking and perceptual Coping with depression course…


Jessica Cluley


very thorough! Thanks! 

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