Summarise the main global migrations over the last 25 years


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"Summarise the main global migrations over the last 25 years"
Over the last 25 years, there has been an increasing number of people that
have migrated from LEDCs to MEDCs in the hope of becoming richer according
to the LSE, since the late 1980s, there has been two huge "upsurges" of the
population of London peaking at around 100,000 people in the year 2000. So
where did they come from?
In the late 1970s, there was a huge influx into the UK of Asians living in
neighbouring Uganda. They were forced to leave the country within 90 days
by President Idi Amin. Britain agreed to resettle 28,600 of the 80,000 expelled
by President Amin, despite the initial reluctance of Edward Heath's
government. This came however, during a period of criticism and hostility
towards non-white immigration, and at a time of economic difficulties and high
unemployment. Although this occurred earlier than 25 years ago, it
demonstrates how the "flood gates opened" for migrants from around the
world to move to the UK.
In 1991, there was a huge amount of asylum seekers from the Democratic
Republic of Congo due to ethnic conflicts. Over 775,000 people were displaced
from their home country and into other countries. There were arbitrary
killings against opposition activists and civilians. 74,000 Congolese applied for
asylum in Europe between 1990-4. Many of these settled in areas such as
Plaistow, Upton Park, Manor Park and Ilford.
In the past 25 years, there have been many people living in Mexico migrating
to the USA. There are lots of pull factors to the UK:
Many people find living in rural Mexico a struggle because they have to
survive with very little money, 40% of the population is under the poverty
The rural communities cannot support the growing population and the
population can't support their families so they try to go to America where
there is minimum wage laws that will ensure they will make, relatively, a lot of
money to bring home: what they make in a whole day at home would be an
hours work in the USA. However, the problems with the immigrations (and
illegal immigration)
The desert that separates the USA and Mexico can reach 46°C, many people
suffer dehydration when they are crossing as water would weigh them down
and the border patrol may catch them. Also, because Mexicans are in the
country illegally, employers can take advantage of them, and therefore charge
less for their services.
The mass migration of Poles into the UK has also been huge. Since 2004, when
they joined the EU, there has been a huge influx of polish people wanting to fill
the work gaps in the UK economy. Not only has it been beneficial for the UK,
but also for them.

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Overall, there is a clear pattern that most migration comes to MEDCs from
LEDCs. It's because there is an increased desire, across the world, for a better
quality of life.…read more


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