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Studying Society 2: keywords and definitions
Research aims - what you want to achieve.
Sampling procedures - to decide who you are going to ask.
Pilot studies - Small scale study to test for any problems with the
Data collection - This is actually collecting the data needed.
Analysis - Looking at evidence gathered and looking for patterns
that could answer research aims.
Evaluation - looking at the positive and negative features of the
design and decided if this affected the results.
Generalisability - This is data that can be generalised to a whole
We can get sampling frames from:
- School registers
-the electoral role
Representative sample - This is a sample that has the same
characteristics as the population but is a smaller version.
Random sample - people selected completely at random.
Systematic sample - chose every 10th or 15th person.
Stratified sample - divide the population into sections and randomly
pick a percentage of people.
Quota sample - decide what features you want people to have and
then find the people with those features.
Snowball sample - find one person with characteristics you want
and then ask that person to introduce you to people with the same
Ethics - the rules of how sociologists treat people.
Deception - you should not lie to people.
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Consent - you must always get peoples permission to do research
Confidentiality - you must keep people anonymous and not share
Withdrawal - people have the right to leave the study at any time.
Protection of participants - you must not do any physical or
Children or vulnerable people - you should be extra careful when
people are young or vulnerable in other ways.
Donkeys, can, can with, police, cars.…read more