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A2 Sociology 8th March 2011
Unit 4 ­ Crime & Deviance



Subcultural theories

Subcultural theories of deviance explain it in terms of the subculture of a particular
social group. Certain groups develop norms and values which are different from those
held by other members of society.

Albert Cohen (1955) ­…

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A2 Sociology 8th March 2011
Unit 4 ­ Crime & Deviance



For example, in one area there may be a thriving criminal subculture, while in
another area this subculture may not exist.
Thus, in the first area, the adolescent has more opportunity to become a
successful criminal.
Like Merton, Cloward…

Page 3

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A2 Sociology 8th March 2011
Unit 4 ­ Crime & Deviance



Smartness ­ a person should both look good and also be witty with a
o
`sharp repartee'
o Trouble ­ `I don't go looking for trouble, but ...'
o Excitement ­ It is important to search out thrills
o…

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