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Stress Inoculation Training (SIT)
Meichenbaum (1985) believed that although we cannot change the causes of stress in our life, we can change the
way that we think about these stressors. As negative thinking may lead to negative outcomes such as anxiety and
depression, positive thinking leads to more positive attitudes…

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Hardiness Training
Teaching Hardiness:

Salvatore Maddi, who worked with Kobasa, founded the Hardiness Institute in California. The aim of hardiness
training programme is to increase self-confidence and sense of control so that individuals can more successfully
navigate change.

Focusing: Client is taught how to recognise the physiological signs of stress,…

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Drug Therapies

Benzodiazepines (BZs) ­ Slow down the activity of the central nervous system

GABA is a neurotransmitter that is the body's natural form of anxiety relief. 40% of the neurons in the
brain respond to GABA which has a general quietening effect on many of the neurons in the…


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