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Stress is experienced when a person's perceived demands exceed their perceived
ability to cope. Stress is an alarm reaction that involves a series of changes in the body.

A stressor is something that triggers the stress reaction in the body and it can include
workplace and life events. Stressors…

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Stress and The Immune System

Most studies in the effects of stress on the immune system have found that stress
decreases immune cell functioning.

Fischer ­ found that astronauts during splashdown had higher levels on immune cell
functioning suggesting stress is good for the immune system.

Kiecoltglaser carried out a…

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Most studies give correlational data so don't show cause and effect.

Daily Hassles

Daily hassles are everyday issues such as being late for work or missing the bus that
cause us stress. The negative effect of daily hassles can be counteracted by daily uplifts
such as a compliment. However, daily…

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Pomaki ­ studied 226 hospital doctors and found those who experience role conflict
had higher levels of depression and somatic complaints.

Personality Factors and Stress

Some people appear to be able to deal with stress better than other people and
psychologists argue this is all based on personality.

The Type…

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likelihood of students passing their degree and found those who scored low in the
hardiness test were more likely to drop out.

However ­ self report questionnaires are mainly used to test personality and people can
manipulate their result.

Psychological Methods of Stress Management Therapies

Psychological methods of stress management…

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Hardiness training has been used effectively on managers, students and Olympic
swimmers. However, one problem is it tries to change learned habits which can be
extremely time consuming.

Physiological Methods of Stress Management Drugs

Betablockers ­ are used to combat the acute SAM response to stress. They reduce
the amount…

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Thank you this has helped sooooooo muchh!!!

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