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STRESS
ACUTE AND CHRONIC STRESS

The sympathetic-adrenomedullary system ­ acute stress
o Hypothalamus activates the sympathetic nervous system which stimulates the adrenal medulla that
releases adrenaline and noradrenaline creating a fight or flight response to the body
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system ­ chronic stress
o Hypothalamus is stimulated which activates the…

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Developed SRRS by taking 43 life events from 5000 patient records before the onset of chronic illness and asked
100 independent judges to rate the events from 1 to 100 with marriage set at 50. LCU's came from these scores
averaged out.
Rahe
Gave the SRRS questionnaire to 2700 US…

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o They see themselves as being in control of their lives, have good commitment, a strong sense of purpose
and see life challenges as problems to overcome, as well as seeing change as an opportunity for success.
Lifton et al
o Students with high hardiness scores were more likely to…

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DEALING WITH STRESS ­ HARDINESS TRAINING
o Focusing ­ taught to identify signs and sources of stress
o Reliving and reconstructing ­ relive stressful encounters and helped to analyse these situations enabling
to gain an understanding of stressors and coping strategies
o Self-improvement ­ allow them to move forward and…

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