Strengths and Weaknesses of the Approaches and Perspectives in Psychology

This is a summary I made for the G544 module with two strengths and weaknesses for each approach and perspective. There are others, but I just chose my favourite, and the ones I thought would be best for getting the higher grades! Some could be used for AS too, but as I've tried to refer to some issues and debates to bring them up to the A2 level, so some may not fit AS too well.

Obviously the points need to be expanded more in the exam, and I have suggested studies which could be used for the contextualisation, which I have taken from core studies and the "turning to crime" studies for G543 Forensics. Depending on what you have studied these may or may not be useful!

Hope this helps, please leaving a rating and let me know what you think :)

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 31-12-12 12:37

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Strengths and Weaknesses of the Different Approaches and Perspectives

Physiological Approach
o Highly scientific, uses measures such as MRI scans (Maguire). This
means that it is objective and replicable, and mainly gathers
quantitative data, which can be analysed statistically.
o Useful applications, such as in understanding sleep disorders like…

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o Limited generalisability ­ specific to the cultural background where it
is carried out. May be ethnocentric and not generalisable to other
cultures. Often lacks temporal validity, cultures change so research
does not generalise over time. Samples are often small and biased,
further reducing generalisability. (Reicher and Haslam)

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o Can be used to explain almost all behaviour, therefore has many
applications, such as in therapy, may explain why it is still in use 100
years later. Has had an enormous impact. (Yochelson and Samenow)
o Idiographic, more humanistic, considers the value of each individual
and acknowledges the…


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