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The use of cues.
Use of cue to remind you of your intention.
Used if you get distracted.
Godden & Baddeley
They tested the effect of cues by investigating
whether words learned in the same environment
(land or under water) were better recalled then
when the learn recall environments were
different.
13 male and 5 female trained divers learned word
lists presented on audiotape ether on land or 20ft
under water.
They then recalled the words in the same
environment by recording then in pencil on a
plastic covered board.
Each ppts was tested in each possible environment
­ land/land, land/water, water/water, water/lang.
Whether the words had been initially been…read more

Slide 3

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Verbal techniques.
Acronyms E.g. ROYGBIV - To
remember the colours of the of the
rainbow
Acrostics ­ E.g. My Very Easy Method
Just Speeds Up Naming Planets :
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter,
Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto
Rhymes ­ using the tune of twinkle
twinkle little star to remember the
alphabet
chunking (miller)E.g. Phone numbers…read more

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Evaluation.
Hard to form an acronym that is
meaningful
Supporting evidence for
mnemonics ­ Bower et al
conducted a lab experiment. He
gave 112 words to learn. Recall was
2-3 times better if the words were
presented in a organised hierarchy
rather than in random order. Our
memories naturally organise
themselves, using mnemonics…read more

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Visual techniques
Method of loci ­ learner associates material to
be learned with different locations in a house,
along a street ect. Then the learner mentally
retraces their steps to recall the items
Key word method ­ used when associating
pieces of information E.g. Learning a new
language, the new word is broke into
components with images created for each
component that link to English meaning
Mind maps ­ visual way of representing
material, the idea being that you remember
each part and remember what it represents.
When using visual aid, once learnt the
technique can be used regularly.…read more

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