Steps To A Dictatorship And Facist Legitissme 1924 25

The final stages of Mussolini's condolidation to a dictatorship for Edexcel AS History Modern, Italy and Fascism 1919-25

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Anonymous
  • Created on: 17-10-07 17:56
Preview of Steps To A Dictatorship And Facist Legitissme 1924 25

First 302 words of the document:

Steps to dictatorship Jan 1925Jan 1926
Legge Fascistissime
Creation of the Dictatorship (Jan 19251926)
Following his speech to parliament (3rd January 1925) Mussolini began to put certain
measures in place to create a dictatorship:
Free trade unions are banned (only fascist trade unions have any legal status)
Censorship of the press is strengthened
Other political parties are banned
"OVRA" set up (street police)
Local elected councils are abolished and replaced by central government nominees
(known as podestas) Roman official in control of certain parts of Italy
NB: 2 alternative sources of power which Mussolini doesn't tacklethe King and the pope/church
Why and how is Mussolini able to do this?
1. Failure of the opposition
Their main opposition group was the PSI. However, they had been seriously weakened by
Fascist violence and sense of "determinism". They did relatively little to oppose Mussolini
bar voting against the Acerbo Law until summer 1924 when "The Aventine
Sucession" occurred. (when the socialists left parliament and went to stand on a hill)
Why was the Aventine Sucession unsuccessful?
The King claimed to be "deaf and blind" to anything that didn't come from
parliament... therefore the King ignores the Aventine Sucession and Rossi
memorandum. By leaving parliament, the socialists did exactly the opposite of being
able to get rid of Mussolini.
The King was nervous of Fascist violence, but especially hostile to the
socialists (whole point of Mussolini was to get rid of socialist threat)
Pope forbids the PPI from working with the PSI and instructs them to
return to parliament because of his hostility to socialism (because they're


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »