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Slide 1

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Statutory Interpretation…read more

Slide 2

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Why do we need rules for the
interpretation of statues?
Words can often have more than one
meaning (ambiguous)
Broad terms are often used which can lead
to uncertainty and confusion
There may be errors when a statue is
New developments in society could change
the meaning of words…read more

Slide 3

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The Literal Rule!
This uses plain, ordinary, literal and
grammatical meanings of the words…read more

Slide 4

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The Literal Rule!
A dictionary from around the same time is
used to interpret the words.…read more

Slide 5

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The Literal Rule
Lord Esher - R v Judges of the city of london
"As long as words are clear enough to
understand then literal rule must be used
even if it leads to absurdity."…read more

Slide 6

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Literal Rule- Whiteley v
Chappell 1868
In this case, the defendant
pretended to be someone
who had recently died in
order to use that person's
vote. It was an offence to
`personate any person
entitled to vote.' As dead
people cannot vote, the v
defendant was held not to
have committed an offence.
The Defendant had voted
using a dead person's name.…read more

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Slide 9

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Slide 10

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