Other slides in this set

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

WHAT IS STATE CRIME?
· Green & Ward: State crime is "illegal or deviant activities perpetrated
by, or with the complicity of, state agencies'
· It includes all forms of crime committed by or on behalf of the
state in order to further their policies
MaLaughlin: identifies four categories of state crime
· Political crimes e.g. Censorship in China, Amnesty International ­
china "has the largest recorded number of imprisoned journalists and
cyber-dissidents"
· Crimes by security & police forces e.g. The Cambodian Genocide
· Economic crimes e.g. Nova Scotia
· Social and cultural crimes e.g. Murder of Stephen Lawrence…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

THE SCALE OF STATE CRIME &
STATE AS THE SOURCE OF LAW
· The power of the state enables it to commit large scale crimes
· Kramer: "Great power and great crimes are inseparable"
· State's monopoly of violence gives its the potential to inflict
massive harm
· It's power means it can conceal crime or evade punishment
· The principle of national sovereignty makes it difficult to intervene
· The state can decide what actions are deviant
· They can exploit the law to suit their own ends…read more

Slide 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

HUMAN RIGHTS & STATE CRIME:
SCHWENDINGER
· A right is an entitlement to something, there are two types;
Natural rights ­ Having the right to exist
Civil rights ­ Right to vote, to a fair trail and an education
· Schwendinger argued we should define crime in terms of the
violation of human rights
· From a human rights perspective, the state can be seen as a
perpetrator of crime
· If we accept a legal definition, we risk becoming subservient to the
state
· Sociologists should defend human rights
· This is called transgressive criminology, since it oversteps
boundaries of criminology that are defined by the criminal law
Schwendinger objects to the idea
that "a man who steals a paltry sum can
be called a criminal, while agents of the
state can legally reward men who
destroy food"…read more

Slide 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

EVALUATION: COHEN
· While `gross' violations of human rights e.g. Genocide other acts e.
g. economic exploitation are not self-evidently criminal
· Only limited agreement on what counts as a human right
STATE CRIME AND THE CULTURE OF
DENIAL: COHEN
· The issue of human rights and state crime as increasingly central to
both political debate and criminology is the result of two factors;
· Growing impact of the international human rights movement
· Increased focus in criminology on the victims…read more

Slide 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

THE SPIRAL OF DENIAL: COHEN
· While dictatorships deny a crime ever occurred
· Democratic states have to legitimate their actions
Stage 1: `It didn't happen
Despite the media
coverage
Stage 2: `If it did happen, `it' is
something else'
The state says it is not what it
looks like
Stage 3: `Even if it's what
you say it is it's justified'
To protect national
security or to fight the
war of terror…read more

Slide 7

Preview of page 7
Preview of page 7

Slide 8

Preview of page 8
Preview of page 8

Slide 9

Preview of page 9
Preview of page 9

Slide 10

Preview of page 10
Preview of page 10

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »