Revision notes for AQA A A2 Psychology, unit 4 Pro and Anti-social behaviour, social psychological theories of aggression

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  • Created on: 23-01-08 08:04
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SLT says that behaviour can be learned directly as in Orthodox Learning Theory (Skinner
and Pavlov) and indirectly. According to the SLT, a person is more likely to imitate
another person's behaviour if the reinforcement is direct but indirect reinforcement still
works (as in the Bandura experiment). Indirect (or vicarious) reinforcement results in
observational learning: we see another person being rewarded for certain actions and
this makes it more likely to be imitated. Unlikely to repeat behaviour immediately but at
a later appropriate time. This means that observed behaviour is stored mentally which
is a departure from Orthodox Learning which does not recognise cognitive processes in
Patterson et al 1989 studied the home lives of children to see if
parental behaviour provoked aggression in their children and whether, in
resolving disputes, children modelled the behaviour of their parents. They
compared families with at least one highly aggressive child and other families
of the same socioeconomic status who had no problem children. They
concluded that aggressive children came from aggressive homes or homes

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Parents who had
anti-social children often resulted to physical punishment, shouting and teasing
as a means of behaviour control. This study supports the SLT.
For cross-cultural evidence to be supportive of SL, behaviour would be
different around the world. Margaret Mead studied gender differences in
many tribes and found differences especially the Tchambuli tribe where the
women appeared in some ways to be more aggressive than men. However, in
this tribe it was still the men who fought in wars.…read more


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