Sports Injuries

Notes on sports injuries and correct proceedures

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Sports Injuries
Causes
Accidental injuries
Internal forces
When we perform at our highest level, the extra strain on some
body parts can cause damage
A sudden stretch or twist can strain muscles, ligaments or
tendons.
Caused by forgetting to warm up, very sudden powerful movement
or by lack of skill
External forces
Outside of our bodies
Breaking rules can lead to violence
The environment is another external force
Violence
Direct contact between players or equipment
Collisions may result in fracture, dislocations, sprains or bruises.
The environment
Due to the facilities
Trip and land heavily
Trip and collide with goal posts
Due to the weather conditions
Extreme heat = dehydration > heatstroke
Extreme cold = hypothermia
Overuse Injuries
Cause by using the body again and again over a long period of
time.
Produce pain + inflammation
E.g.
Tennis elbow / golf elbow = an inflames elbow joint
Shin splints = pain on the front of the shins
Cricketers' shoulder = damage and inflammation to the front of the shoulder
Blisters and calluses = caused by gripping equipment very tightly, e/g/ in rowing
Only cure is rest
If caused by incorrect action, action must be corrected

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Chronic Injuries
All injuries must be treated immediately and given time to heal
An injury will get worse if it is not given enough time to heal
Results in a chronic injury
Lead to permanent damage, e.g.…read more

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Joint Injuries
Joints are extremely vulnerable and prone to injury
Some injuries can be treated by RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression,
Elevation procedure)
If serious damage or dislocation is suspected injury should be
treated as a break.
Dislocations
Bone is forced out of its normal position at a joint
Ligaments may also be damaged
May be due to a strong wrench ­ e.g.…read more

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Strains
Stretch / tear a muscle or tendon
Cause by sudden stretch or extra muscular effort
RICE procedure
Don't ignore ­ may become more serious
Skin damage
Cuts
Clean with running water
Dab dry and cover with dressing
Use adhesive plaster over dressing
Grazes [abrasions]
Top layer of skin is scraped off
Make sure is clean
Treat as cut
Blisters
Do not pop the blister
Cover with a special plaster ­ eases pain and prevents further damage
Bruises
Formed by damaged capillaries
Result of an…read more

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Can be hard to diagnose ­ sprained / broken ankle look very similar
If in doubt, treat as fracture
Action
Keep the casualty still, steady and comfortable
Support the injured part
Reassure the casualty
Send for medical help
RICE ­ Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Checklist to follow in most cases of soft tissue injuries, including sprains
and strains
Treat ASAP
Rest ­ reduces internal bleeding, prevents further injury [stop activity,
support injury in a comfortable position]
Ice ­ reduces blood flow, pain and swelling [apply…read more

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Jewellery should be removed to stop it catching someone's hair and to stop
earrings from being ripped it. If jewellery becomes caught it is very painful
because it does not snap easily.
2. RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation and is the procedure
used for reducing the badness of a soft tissue injury, sprain or strain
3.…read more

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