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Sports Injuries
Causes
Accidental injuries
Internal forces
When we perform at our highest level, the extra strain on some
body parts can cause damage
A sudden stretch or twist can strain muscles, ligaments or
tendons.
Caused by forgetting to warm up, very sudden powerful movement
or by lack of skill…

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Chronic Injuries
All injuries must be treated immediately and given time to heal
An injury will get worse if it is not given enough time to heal
Results in a chronic injury
Lead to permanent damage, e.g. arthritis in the joints
Recognition
Signs and symptoms help us to assess the…

Page 3

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Joint Injuries
Joints are extremely vulnerable and prone to injury
Some injuries can be treated by RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression,
Elevation procedure)
If serious damage or dislocation is suspected injury should be
treated as a break.
Dislocations
Bone is forced out of its normal position at a joint
Ligaments may…

Page 4

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Strains
Stretch / tear a muscle or tendon
Cause by sudden stretch or extra muscular effort
RICE procedure
Don't ignore ­ may become more serious
Skin damage
Cuts
Clean with running water
Dab dry and cover with dressing
Use adhesive plaster over dressing
Grazes [abrasions]
Top layer of skin is…

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Can be hard to diagnose ­ sprained / broken ankle look very similar
If in doubt, treat as fracture
Action
Keep the casualty still, steady and comfortable
Support the injured part
Reassure the casualty
Send for medical help
RICE ­ Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Checklist to follow in most cases…

Page 6

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1. Jewellery should be removed to stop it catching someone's hair and to stop
earrings from being ripped it. If jewellery becomes caught it is very painful
because it does not snap easily.
2. RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation and is the procedure
used for reducing the badness…

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