Sport Leisure Tourism WJEC GCSE Course - TOURISM

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  • Created on: 02-06-13 17:45
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Sport Leisure and Tourism
02 June 2013
Changes in the holiday patterns in wales and England
Traditional holiday resorts
By the later 19th Century railroads had linked major cities to the coasts and resorts Spas and inland resorts and Day excursions:
developed to cope with the tourists. Hotels, apartments, boating lakes, putting greens, gold courses were built
1871- Bank holiday act gave 6 extra days off often used for day trips to the beach. for richer families and their entourage of servants.
1897- Gave one week's paid holiday after 5 years of service The Snowdon Mountain railroad opened in 1896 allowing access to
Margate, South Port- set out to attract richer professional clients in hotels mountain holidays.
such as 'The Grand' and 'The Imperial' Poorer people lacked time and money to go on long holidays so chapels and
Southend and Blackpool catered for the less well off with boarding houses clubs organised day excursions in charabancs or trains . Barry Island,
where land ladies offered to cook the food the guests brought with them. Porthcawl and Rhyl grew in favour with steamboat trips to Somerset from
Beach activities included bathing and paddling, donkey rides, Punch and Judy welsh towns too entertained by Punch and Judy shows or clowns and
shows, walks along the pier and strolls along the promenade. singers on the beaches.
Holiday for the rich
The rich had long experience of travelling for holidays to resorts like Torquay and Hove on
the South Coast - £25 a week to rent a house.
Train services through Europe would take rich people to France, Italy and Switzerland with
Monte Carlo, Venice becoming popular resorts. A 'European Tour' was a must for rich
people after finishing school or university.
A Cooks Tour could plan trips at home or abroad.
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New developments in holiday patterns in the 1920s and 1930s
02 June 2013
Time off and holiday pay
Peoples attitude to free time and health altered after WW1 and the economic depression of the 1920s and 1930s. Holidays with pay introduced
Hitler's Germany encouraged the 'Strength of joy' movement making good use of leisure time and Britain followed suit. 1919-1922- allowed more people to go
The seaside was still the favourite place for most people. on holiday.…read more

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How much did tourism and holiday patterns in Wales and England
change in the 1950s and 1960s?
02 June 2013
Reasons for growth in Holidays;
Relief at the end of the war, Beaches that had been land mined during the war were cleared allowing
beach holidays again
The high point for British holidays - 1945-1965 Better wages after the war ( labour Government elected)
British families in 1948: More people entitled to holidays with pay
- spending holidays away from home 50% Better road…read more

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How far have tourism and holiday patterns in Wales and England
changed since the 1960s?
02 June 2013
The increasing use of air travel Sir Freddie Laker started cheaper flights with 'no frills sky train'
Changing tastes and expectations in the 1960s made people look further afield with cheap fares to America forcing other companies to follow
for holidays- but the impact on British resorts was not as great or as predicted at suit.…read more

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The British Fight-Back
02 June 2013
Airport delays, strikes, worries about medical problems, long journeys and hold-ups encouraged people to look again at
holidays at home
From 1980s British resorts have had to fight back. Big resorts like Blackpool and Torquay remained popular - lots to do
But quieter places like Skegness suffered and needed to adapt. To compete with poor standards on some package deals
abroad, activity holidays became popular at home- all year round short breaks as well as summer holidays.…read more

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Modern Trends in Holiday Patterns
02 June 2013
Increased leisure time and higher standard of living.
Trends continued to change in the 21st century but still 75% of holidays are spent in
Britain. However these are shorter breaks spending less money than long trips abroad.
Evidence suggests that about the same number of people do not have long holidays as in
1970.…read more


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