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Perspectives

Functionalism

General beliefs: Values consensus theory. Believe education is a form of social selection, the best
students are prepared for the best paid jobs. Education is an important way for society to train its
new members into the shared knowledge and morality of a culture.…

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Neo-Marxist

General beliefs: amend and extend Marxist theory.

Key theories: Olin Wright ­ schools promote the concept of equality, but in reality, don't
actually reflect it.

Modernism

General beliefs: `one size fits all' mass education. Controlled centrally by the state. Fixed in
time and place. Fixed…

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British policies and legislations



Forster Act 1870 First ever compulsory, elementary free. State schools under LEA's. Single sex,
gendered curriculum. Grammar schools were fee paying. Created inequality. PROBLEM: Army
members were illiterate and needed educating so tripartite system was made.

Butler Act 1944 Tripartite system. The…

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