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Education
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Perspectives
Functionalism
General beliefs: Values consensus theory. Believe education is a form of social selection, the best
students are prepared for the best paid jobs. Education is an important way for society to train its
new members into the shared knowledge and morality of a culture. Meritocracy.
Key theories: Durkheim ­ children learn the attitudes that they will require to survive as adults
through the school system because this is an orderly and regulated environment.…read more

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Education
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Neo-Marxist
General beliefs: amend and extend Marxist theory.
Key theories: Olin Wright ­ schools promote the concept of equality, but in reality, don't
actually reflect it.
Modernism
General beliefs: `one size fits all' mass education. Controlled centrally by the state. Fixed in
time and place. Fixed period of one's life. Teacher led.
Post-modernism
General beliefs: Education `customised' to meet the differing needs of a diverse
community. Controlled by local communities, flexible, distance learning. Learner is active.…read more

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Education
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British policies and legislations
Forster Act 1870 First ever compulsory, elementary free. State schools under LEA's. Single sex,
gendered curriculum. Grammar schools were fee paying. Created inequality. PROBLEM: Army
members were illiterate and needed educating so tripartite system was made.
Butler Act 1944 Tripartite system. The three R's. 11+ exam was used for allocation, 20% grammar
schools, 5% technical schools, 75% secondary modern. Meritocratic. Achieved some social mobility.…read more

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Education
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Education
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