Sociology statistics UNIT 4 WJEC

Just some stats that can be used especially for the 20 mark questions that want evidence

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  • Created on: 23-01-12 21:09
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Gender inequality
o Legal and general 2000 discovered working mothers spent an extra 56 hours per
week on housework whilst men spent on 31 hours on these tasks.
o Stanko (2000) ­ of all reported violent acts, one third are committed by men on
their female partners.
o (DfES) ­ 2006: 78% of girls obtained level 5 or above in English at KS3 compared
to 64% of boys. Similar at GCSE ­ 53% of boys gained 5 GCSE's at A*-C compared
to 63% of girls.
o On average, girls outperform boys at GCSE by about 10%
o At a-level girls outperform boys by 4%
o National statistic office ­ between 1990 and 2006 the proportion of females
gaining two or more `A-LEVES' rose from 20% to 45% and the proportion of males
rose from 18% to 35%.
o In 1970, 30% of students in higher education were female; by 2007 this had
increased to 57%.
o Higher education statistics agency (2004) - Computer science at higher education
has 80% male students and engineering and technology has 85% male students.
Female dominated subjects are education and subject allied to medicine (i.e.
nursing, physiotherapy) where 81% of students are female.
o Boys represent around 80% of permanent exclusions
o In 2002, women formed 69% of administrative and secretarial, personal service,
and sales and customer service occupations. Men made up 69% of more managers
and senior officials.
o ONS (2004) 44% of women and one in ten men work part time.
o Average hourly earnings for women working full time are 18% lower than for men
working full time. For women working part time, the hourly ratings are 40% lower.
o The equal opportunities commission found that despite women making up 45% of
Britain's workforce, only 9% of top company directors are women, a mere 6% make
high court judges and 29% of head teachers are women even though 90% of
teachers are female.
o 2001 Labour force Survey revealed that 90% of nurses are women, as are 88% of
hairdressers and 86% of primary/nursery teachers. Only 8% of security guards are
women and 71% of IT technicians are men and 63% of solicitors and judges are
Ethnic inequalities

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In 2004, ethnic minority workers earned only £18044 on average compared
with £19522 for white employees. The average Bangladeshi salary was £12220
a year.
o Ethnic minority Employment Taskforce showed that employment rates were
59.4% for among ethnic minorities compared to 74.9% for the general
o Block (2004) suggested that recent immigrants generally experience significant
disadvantage, with refugees generally earning 79% of the pay of ethnic
minority groups in general.…read more

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o Walmsley et al. (1992) found that a disproportionate number of the prison
population came from the lower levels of the class systems.…read more


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